William Booth formed the Salvation Army in London, England.
Larry Doby signed with the Cleveland Indians, becoming the first African American player in the American League.
The bikini swimsuit made its debut at a Paris fashion show.
Elvis Presley recorded "That's All Right," his first commercial record.
Cape Verde became independent after 500 years of Portuguese rule.
Dolly, the first sheep cloned from adult cells, was born.
Baseball great Ted Williams died.