The first public museum in the U.S. was established in Charleston, S.C.
H. L. Smith took the first X-ray photograph. It was a hand with a bullet in it.
The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote.
One month after Zanzibar became independent, the ruling Zanzibar Nationalist Party was overthrown in a violent coup.
Nineteen European countries signed an agreement banning human cloning.
Haiti is dealt a catastrophic blow when a magnitude 7.0 earthquake strikes 10 miles southwest of Port-au-Prince, the country's capital. It is the region's worst earthquake in 200 years. The number of fatalities were between 46,000 and 85,000 people.