Oliver Cromwell became lord protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland.
The Boston Tea Party took place.
Grigori Rasputin assassinated by a group of noble Russian conspirators.
One of the deadliest earthquakes in history hit the Gansu province in China. The 8.6 quake killed 200,000 people.
The Battle of the Bulge during World War II began in Belgium.
Colin Powell was selected to become the first African-American secretary of state.