Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes appeared for the first time in print in the story "A Study in Scarlet."
Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her front-section bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Ala.
Representatives from more than 150 countries gathered at a global warming summit in Kyoto, Japan, and over the course of ten days forged an agreement to control the emission of greenhouse gases. President Bush pulled the U.S. out of the Kyoto Protocol in 2001.
Exxon and Mobil agreed to merge, creating the world's largest corporation.