Mount Vesuvius erupted and buried the towns of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
70,000 French Protestants, or Huguenots, were killed in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre.
The British set fire to the White House and the Capitol when they invaded Washington, DC during the War of 1812.
Mexico gained its independence from Spain with the Treaty of Cordoba.
The North Atlantic Treaty went into effect.
France became the world's fifth nuclear power as it exploded a hydrogen bomb in the South Pacific.
Pete Rose was banned from baseball for gambling.
Mikhail Gorbachev resigned as the general secretary of the Communist Party after a failed coup attempt against him.
Hurricane Andrew hit Florida, causing record damage.