An all-black army unit was accused of a shooting rampage that left 1 civilian dead at Fort Brown in Brownsville, Texas. In 1972 they were all exonerated.
The border between East and West Berlin was closed and marked with a barbed wire fence.
Baseball great Mickey Mantle died of cancer.
U.S. swimmer Michael Phelps won his 11th career gold medal, becoming the first athlete in Olympic history to do so.