Arapahoe became the first American ship to use the S.O.S. distress signal.
The first inmates arrived at the federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay.
King Hussein of Jordan ascended the throne after his father had been declared mentally unfit.
More than seven years of fighting in Indochina formerly ended with the cessation of French control.
Abstract artist Jackson Pollock died in an automobile accident.
Chad gained its independence from France.
Following the arrest of a young black motorist, the predominately black neighborhood of Watts in Los Angeles erupted in riots that lasted six days and left 34 dead.
Charles Taylor, president of Liberia, formally relinquished his office to Moses Blah and left for Nigeria.