Missouri became the 24th state in the United States.
The Smithsonian Institution was established in Washington, D.C., from funds left by British scientist James Smithson.
Franklin D. Roosevelt was stricken with polio at his summer home on Campobello island.
U.S. forces seized Guam from Japan.
Candid Camera with Allen Funt debuted on television.
President Reagan signed a bill that awarded $20,000 to each survivor of the Japanese-American internment.
Ruth Bader Ginsburg was sworn in as the second female U.S. Supreme Court justice.
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