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Flag of Venezuela
  1. Venezuela Main Page
  2. The Hugo Chavez Era Begins
  3. Chavez Survives Referendum, Consolidates Power
  4. New Referendum Fails but Chavez is Undeterred
  5. New Challenges for Chavez at Home and Abroad
  6. Chavez Experiences Electoral Setback and Battles Health Issues
  7. Major League Baseball Player Kidnapped
  8. An End to the Monroe Doctrine?
  9. Chavez Wins 2012 Presidential Election
  10. Chavez Still Battling Cancer in Late 2012
  11. Chavez's New Term Begins Without Him
  12. Chavez Dies After a Long Battle with Cancer
  13. Special Election Held to Replace Chavez
  14. Protests Turn Violent in 2014

More Facts & Figures

National name: República Bolivariana de Venezuela

Current government officials

Languages: Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects

Ethnicity/race: Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people

Religions: Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%

Literacy rate: 93% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $378.9 billion; per capita $12,700. Real growth rate: 4.2%. Inflation: 26.1%. Unemployment: 8.2%. Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, coffee; beef, pork, milk, eggs; fish. Labor force: 13.32 million; services 70.9%, industry 21.8%, agriculture 7.3% (2011 est.). Industries: petroleum, construction materials, food processing, textiles; iron ore mining, steel, aluminum; motor vehicle assembly. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds. Exports: $92.61 billion (2011 est.): petroleum, bauxite and aluminum, steel, chemicals, agricultural products, basic manufactures. Imports: $46.44 billion (2011 est.): raw materials, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, construction materials. Major trading partners: U.S., China, India, Brazil (2009).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 7.083 million (2009); mobile cellular: 27.88 million (2009). Radio broadcast stations: AM 244, FM n.a. (20 in Caracas), shortwave 11 (2010). Radios: 10.75 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 36 (2010). Televisions: 4.1 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 888,028 (2010). Internet users: 8.918 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 806 km (2008). Highways: total: 96,155 km; paved: 32,308 km; unpaved: 63,847 km (2002 est.). Waterways: 7,100 km; Rio Orinoco and Lago de Maracaibo accept oceangoing vessels (2011). Ports and harbors: Amuay, Bajo Grande, El Tablazo, La Guaira, La Salina, Maracaibo, Matanzas, Palua, Puerto Cabello, Puerto la Cruz, Puerto Ordaz, Puerto Sucre, Punta Cardon. Airports: 492 (2012).

International disputes: claims all of Guyana west of the Essequibo River; maritime boundary dispute with Colombia in the Gulf of Venezuela and the Caribbean Sea; US, France and the Netherlands recognize Venezuela's claim to give full effect to Aves Island, which creates a Venezuelan EEZ/continental shelf extending over a large portion of the Caribbean Sea; Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines protest the claim and other states' recognition of it.

Major sources and definitions

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