Flag of Venezuela
  1. Venezuela Main Page
  2. The Hugo Chavez Era Begins
  3. Chavez Survives Referendum, Consolidates Power
  4. New Referendum Fails but Chavez is Undeterred
  5. New Challenges for Chavez at Home and Abroad
  6. Chavez Experiences Electoral Setback and Battles Health Issues
  7. Major League Baseball Player Kidnapped
  8. An End to the Monroe Doctrine?
  9. Chavez Wins 2012 Presidential Election
  10. Chavez Still Battling Cancer in Late 2012
  11. Chavez's New Term Begins Without Him
  12. Chavez Dies After a Long Battle with Cancer
  13. Protests Turn Violent in 2014
  14. Maduro Retaliates Against U.S. Sanctions
Chavez Dies After a Long Battle with Cancer

On Feb. 18, 2013, President Chavez returned to Venezuela after being in Cuba for more than two months recovering from surgery for cancer. It's unclear if Chavez's return was to confront the suspicion of the opposition and lead the country while continuing his recovery or if he wanted to be present to help Vice President Nicolás Maduro's transition to power. Chavez announced his arrival on Twitter, "We have returned to the Venezuelan fatherland. Thank you, my God! Thank you, my beloved people! We will continue the treatment here."

After 14 years at the helm of Venezuela, Chavez succumbed to cancer on March 5, 2013. Elections must be held within 30 days. Maduro will serve as interim president and will run in the election, likely against Henrique Capriles Radonski, who lost to Chavez in October's election. Throughout his presidency, Chavez, a polarizing populist and rabidly anti-American, bitterly divided the country. He was beloved by the country's poor, seeing him as their staunchest advocate, but his opponents saw him as anti-business and said he harbored an unquenched thirst for power.

Maduro was sworn in as interim president in March 2013. Minister of Science and Technology Jorge Arreaza would serve as vice president. Arreaza married Hugo Chavez's eldest daughter, Rosa, in 2007.

On April 14, 2013, a special presidential election was held. Nicolás Maduro won by a slim margin. Maduro received 50.8 percent of the vote. Henrique Capriles Radonski, who recently lost to Chavez in the October 2012 election, was close behind with 49 percent. Maduro assumed office on April 19, 2013. Meanwhile, the opposition questioned the constitutionality of his election. In naming his cabinet, Maduro kept Elias Jaua on as foreign minister and Diego Molero as defense minister. Jaua and Molero served in the same roles under Chavez.

Next: Protests Turn Violent in 2014
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14