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United Arab Emirates

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National name: Al-Imarat al-'Arabiyah al-Muttahidah

Current government officials

Languages: Arabic (official), Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu

Ethnicity/race: Emiri 19%, other Arab and Iranian 23%, South Asian 50%, other expatriates (includes Westerners and East Asians) 8% (1982)

Religions: Islam 96% (Sunni 80%, Shiite 16%), Christian, Hindu, and other 4%

Literacy rate: 78% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $256.5 billion; per capita $47,700. Real growth rate: 5.2%. Inflation: 0.9%. Unemployment: 2.4% (2001). Arable land: 1%. Agriculture: dates, vegetables, watermelons; poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish. Labor force: 4.111 million; note: 85% of the population in the 15–64 age group is nonnational; services 78%, industry 15%, agriculture 7% (2000 est.). Industries: petroleum and petrochemicals; fishing, aluminum, cement, fertilizers, commercial ship repair, construction materials, some boat building, handicrafts, textiles. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas. Exports: $281.6 billion (2011 est.): crude oil 45%, natural gas, reexports, dried fish, dates. Imports: $202.1 billion (2011 est.): machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food. Major trading partners: Japan, South Korea, India, Thailand, China, Germany, Iran, U.S., Singapore (2011).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.825 million (2011); mobile cellular: 11.727 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: except for the many organizations now operating in Dubai's Media Free Zone, most TV and radio stations remain government-owned; widespread use of satellite dishes provides access to pan-Arab and other international broadcasts (2007). Radios: 820,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 15 (1997). Televisions: 310,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 337,804 (2012). Internet users: 3.449 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 4,080 km; paved: 4,080 km; unpaved: 0 km (2008 est.). Ports and harbors: 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Das Island, Khawr Fakkan, Mina' Jabal 'Ali, Mina' Khalid, Mina' Rashid, Mina' Saqr, Mina' Zayid, Umm al Qaywayn. Airports: 42 (2012).

International disputes: Boundary agreement was signed and ratified with Oman in 2003 for entire border, including Oman's Musandam Peninsula and Al Madhah enclaves, but contents of the agreement and detailed maps showing the alignment have not been published; Iran and UAE dispute Tunb Islands and Abu Musa Island, which Iran occupies.

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