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Ukraine

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Index
  1. Ukraine Main Page
  2. An Independent Nation
  3. A Struggling Economy and a Troubled Government
  4. Gas Causes an Energy Crisis
  5. Several Rounds of Elections and Another Gas Crisis
  6. Ally of Former Prime Minister Jailed
  7. 2012 Language Bill and New Election
  8. Massive Protests Call for Yanukovich's Resignation
  9. Yanukovich Flees Capital
  10. Russian Troops Sent to Crimea
  11. Putin Announces Annexation of Crimea
  12. Unrest Spreads to Other Eastern Cities
  13. Referendums on Autonomy Held in Other Eastern Regions
  14. Billionaire Businessman Wins Presidential Election
  15. Passenger Jet Crashes in Eastern Ukraine
  16. Offensive by Ukrainian Military Results in Gains; Rebels, Government Agree on Cease-Fire

More Facts & Figures

National name: Ukrayina

Current government officials

Languages: Ukrainian 67%, Russian 24%, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian

Ethnicity/race: Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belorussian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001)

Religions: Ukrainian Orthodox (Kiev Patriarchate 50.4%, Moscow Patriarchate 26.1%), Ukrainian Greek Catholic 8%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 7.2%, Protestant 2.2%, Jewish 0.6%, none 3.2% (2006)

Literacy rate: 99.7% (2010 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $333.7 billion; per capita $7,300. Real growth rate: 5.2%. Inflation: 8%. Unemployment: 7% officially registered; large number of unregistered or underemployed workers; International Labor Organization est.: 7%. Arable land: 54%. Agriculture: grain, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, vegetables; beef, milk. Labor force: 22.09 million (2011 est.); industry 18.5%, agriculture 15%, services 65.7% (2008). Industries: coal, electric power, ferrous and nonferrous metals, machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food processing (especially sugar). Natural resources: iron ore, coal, manganese, natural gas, oil, salt, sulfur, graphite, titanium, magnesium, kaolin, nickel, mercury, timber, arable land. Exports: $69.42 billion (2011 est.): ferrous and nonferrous metals, fuel and petroleum products, chemicals, machinery and transport equipment, food products. Imports: $83.22 billion (2011 est.): energy, machinery and equipment, chemicals. Major trading partners: Russia, Germany, Turkey, Italy, China, Poland, Belarus (2009).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 12.94 million (2009); mobile cellular: 53.929 million (2009). Radio broadcast stations: AM 134, FM 289, shortwave 4 (2007). Radios: 45.05 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: at least 33 (plus 21 repeater stations that relay broadcasts from Russia) (1997). Televisions: 18.05 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1.997 million (2010). Internet users: 7.77 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 21,684 km (2009). Highways: total: 169,496 km; paved: 163,898 km; unpaved: 5,593 km (2000). Waterways: 1,672 km (2012). Ports and harbors: Berdyans'k, Feodosiya, Illichivs'k, Izmayil, Kerch, Kherson, Kiev (Kyyiv), Kiliya, Mariupol', Mykolayiv, Odesa, Reni, Sevastopol', Yalta, Yuzhnyy. Airports: 412 (2012).

International disputes: 1997 boundary treaty with Belarus remains unratified over unresolved financial claims, preventing demarcation and encouraging illegal cross-border activities; land delimitation of boundary with Russia is complete, but maritime regime of the Sea of Azov and Kerch Strait remains unresolved; difficulties in the Transnistria region of Moldova complicate border crossing and customs, facilitating smuggling, arms transfers, and other illegal activities; has not resolved Romanian claims to Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary despite ongoing talks based on 1997 friendship treaty to find a solution in two years.

Major sources and definitions

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