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Trinidad and Tobago

Flag of Trinidad & Tobago
  1. Trinidad and Tobago Main Page
  2. First Female Elected Prime Minister
  3. Anthony Carmona Succeeds George Maxwell Richards as President

More Facts & Figures

Current government officials

Languages: English (official), Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese

Ethnicity/race: Indian (South Asian) 40%, African 37.5%, mixed 20.5%, other 1.2%, unspecified 0.8% (2000)

Religions: Roman Catholic 26%, Anglican 8%, Baptist 7%, Pentecostal 7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4%, other Christian 6%, Hindu 22%, Islam 6%, none 2%

Literacy rate: 99% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $26.49 billion; per capita $20,000. Real growth rate: –1.5%. Inflation: 5.1%. Unemployment: 5.5%. Arable land: 15%. Agriculture: cocoa, rice, citrus, coffee, vegetables; poultry. Labor force: 613,600; construction and utilities 20.4%, manufacturing, mining, and quarrying 12.8%, agriculture 3.8%, services 62.9% (2007 est.). Industries: petroleum, chemicals, tourism, food processing, cement, beverage, cotton textiles. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, asphalt. Exports: $13.02 billion (2011 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, steel products, fertilizer, sugar, cocoa, coffee, citrus, flowers. Imports: $9.552 billion (2011 est.): machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods, food, live animals. Major trading partners: U.S., Jamaica, France, Venezuela, Germany, Brazil, South Korea, Russia, Gabon, China, Canada, Spain, Italy (2011).

Member of Commonwealth of Nations

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 292,000 (2011); mobile cellular: 1.825 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: 5 TV networks, one of which is state-owned, broadcast on multiple stations; multiple cable TV subscription service providers; multiple radio networks, one state-owned, broadcast over about 35 stations (2007). Radios: 680,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 4 (1997). Televisions: 425,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 241,690 (2012). Internet users: 593,000 (2012).

Transportation: Railways: minimal agricultural railroad system near San Fernando; railway service was discontinued in 1968 (2001). Highways: total: 8,320 km; paved: 4,252 km; unpaved: 4,068 km (1999 est.). Ports and harbors: Pointe-a-Pierre, Point Fortin, Point Lisas, Port-of-Spain, Scarborough, Tembladora. Airports: 5 (2012).

International disputes: Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago abide by the April 2006 Permanent Court of Arbitration decision delimiting a maritime boundary and limiting catches of flying fish in Trinidad and Tobago's exclusive economic zone; in 2005, Barbados and Trinidad and Tobago agreed to compulsory international arbitration under United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea challenging whether the northern limit of Trinidad and Tobago's and Venezuela's maritime boundary extends into Barbadian waters; Guyana has also expressed its intention to include itself in the arbitration as the Trinidad and Tobago-Venezuela maritime boundary may extend into its waters as well.

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