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Switzerland

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  1. Switzerland Main Page
  2. New Constitution Establishes a Unified, Neutral State
  3. Switzerland Joins the UN and Moves to the Right Politically

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National name: Schweiz/Suisse/Svizzera/Svizra

Current government officials

Languages: German 63.7%, French 20.4%, Italian 6.5%; Romansch 0.5% (all official); Serbo-Croation 1.5%, Portuguese 1.2%, Spanish 1.1%, English 1%, Other 2.8%

Ethnicity/race: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%

Religions: Roman Catholic 41.8%, Protestant 35.3%, Orthodox 1.8%, Muslim 4.3%, none 11.1% (2000)

Literacy rate: 99% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $353.6 billion; per capita $44,500. Real growth rate: 1.9%. Inflation: 0.2%. Unemployment: 2.8%. Arable land: 9.91%. Agriculture: grains, fruits, vegetables; meat, eggs. Labor force: 4.889 million (2011); services 73.2%, industry 23.4%, agriculture 3.4% (2010). Industries: machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments. Natural resources: hydropower potential, timber, salt. Exports: $322 billion (2011 est.): machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, agricultural products. Imports: $317.5 billion (2011 est.): machinery, chemicals, vehicles, metals; agricultural products, textiles. Major trading partners: Germany, U.S., France, Italy, UK, Netherlands, China, Austria (2011).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4.684 million (2011); mobile cellular: 10.017 million (2011). Broadcast media: the publicly-owned radio and TV broadcaster, Swiss Broadcasting Corporation (SRG/SSR), operates 7 national TV networks, 3 broadcasting in German, 2 in Italian, and 2 in French; private commercial TV stations broadcast regionally and locally; TV broadcasts from stations in Germany, Italy, and France are widely available via multi-channel cable and satellite TV services; SRG/SSR operates 18 radio stations that, along with private broadcasters, provide national to local coverage (2009). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5.301 million (2012). Internet users: 6.152 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 4,876 km (2010). Highways: total: 71,454 km; paved: 71,454 km (including 1,790 km of expressways); unpaved: 0 km (2010). Waterways: 1,292 km (2010) Ports and harbors: Basel. Airports: 64 (2012).

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

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