Flag of Sudan
  1. Sudan Main Page
  2. A Brief Respite From Civil War
  3. Humanitarian Disaster in Darfur
  4. Atrocities Continue, Even as the International Community Pushes for Peace
  5. Bashir Wins Election in a Landslide
  6. Historic Vote in Southern Sudan
  7. North and South on the Brink of War
  8. Oil Pipeline Deal Achieved
  9. ICC Halts Darfur Investigation; President Bashir Re-Elected
Oil Pipeline Deal Achieved

After more than a year of no oil, Sudan and South Sudan reached an agreement in March 2013, brokered by the African Union, to resume oil production within the month. South Sudan gets 98% of its revenue from oil. The agreement established a timeline for resumption of oil production, and addressed other issues including security and border demarcation.

Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir's austerity measures led to the doubling of prices on cooking oil and gas—and the worst riots in decades. Beginning in late Sept. 2013, the crackdown on protesters has left at least 50 people dead, though this number was likely to rise.

In an unofficial referendum held on Oct. 31, 2013, the 65,000 registered voters from the Dinka Ngok tribe of the disputed Abyei region voted to join South Sudan with a 99.9% majority. The unsurprising results were not recognized by the government of either country, nor did the other tribe, the Misseriya—who side with Sudan—nor the African Union support the vote.

Next: ICC Halts Darfur Investigation; President Bashir Re-Elected
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