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South Africa

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Flag of South Africa
Index
  1. South Africa Main Page
  2. South Africa's Independence is Tarnished by Apartheid
  3. Apartheid is Abolished; Mandela Becomes President
  4. Mbeki Takes Over From Mandela
  5. Motlanthe Serves as "Interim" President; Opposition to the ANC Grows
  6. Zuma Assumes the Presidency
  7. Mandela Dies

More Facts & Figures

Current government officials

Languages: IsiZulu 23.8%, IsiXhosa 17.6%, Afrikaans 13.3%, Sepedi 9.4%, English 8.2%, Setswana 8.2%, Sesotho 7.9%, Xitsonga 4.4%, other 7.2% (2001)

Ethnicity/race: black African 79%, white 9.6%, colored 8.9%, Indian/Asian 2.5% (2001)

Religions: Zion Christian 11%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8%, Catholic 7%, Methodist 7%, Dutch Reformed 7%, Anglican 4%, other Christian 36%, Islam 2%, none 15% (2001)

Literacy rate: 86.4% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $555 billion; per capita $11,000. Real growth rate: 3.1%. Inflation: 5%. Unemployment: 24.9%. Arable land: 12%. Agriculture: corn, wheat, sugarcane, fruits, vegetables; beef, poultry, mutton, wool, dairy products. Labor force: 17.66 million economically active; agriculture 9%, industry 25%, services 65% (2007 est.). Industries: mining (world's largest producer of platinum, gold, chromium), automobile assembly, metalworking, machinery, textiles, iron and steel, chemicals, fertilizer, foodstuffs, commercial ship repair. Natural resources: gold, chromium, antimony, coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, tin, uranium, gem diamonds, platinum, copper, vanadium, salt, natural gas. Exports: $102.9 billion (2011 est.): gold, diamonds, platinum, other metals and minerals, machinery and equipment. Imports: $100.4 billion (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, petroleum products, scientific instruments, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: U.S., UK, Japan, Germany, China, India, France, Saudi Arabia, Iran (2011).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4.127 million (2011); mobile cellular: 64 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 14, FM 347 (plus 243 repeaters), shortwave 1 (2007). Radios: 17 million (2001). Television broadcast stations: 556 (plus 144 network repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 6 million (2000). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4.761 million (2012). Internet users: 4.42 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 20,192 km (2008). Highways: total: 362,099 km; paved: 73,506 km (including 2,032 km of expressways); unpaved: 288,593 km (2002). Ports and harbors: Cape Town, Durban, Port Elizabeth, Richards Bay, Saldanha Bay. Airports: 567 (2012).

International disputes: managed dispute with Namibia over the location of the boundary in the Orange River.

Major sources and definitions

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