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Solomon Islands

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  1. Solomon Islands Main Page
  2. New Prime Minister Elected
  3. Earthquake and Tsunami Strike in April 2013

More Facts & Figures

Current government officials

Languages: English 1%–2% (official), Melanesian pidgin (lingua franca), 120 indigenous languages

Ethnicity/race: Melanesian 95.3%, Polynesian 3.1%, Micronesian 1.2%, other 0.3% (2009 est.)

Religions: Protestant 73.4% (Church of Melanesia 31.9%, South Sea Evangelical 17.1%, Seventh Day Adventist 11.7%, United Church 10.1%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, other Christian 2.9%, other 4%, none 0.03%, unspecified 0.1% (2009 est.)

Literacy rate: 84.1%

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $1.958 billion; per capita $3,400. Real growth rate: 4%. Inflation: 2.6%. Unemployment: n.a. Arable land: 0.62%. Agriculture: cocoa, coconuts, palm kernels, rice, fruit; timber; cattle, pigs; fish. Labor force: 202,500 (2007); agriculture 75%, industry 5%, services 20% (2000 est.). Industries: fish, timber, mining. Natural resources: fish, forests, gold, bauxite, phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel. Exports: $493.1 million (2011 est.): timber, fish, copra, palm oil, cocoa. Imports: $446 million (2012): food, plant and equipment, manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals. Major trading partners: China, New Zealand, Malaysia, Australia, Singapore (2012).

Member of British Commonwealth

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 8,060 (2012); mobile cellular: 302,100 (2012). Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 2, shortwave 2 (2009). Radios: 57,000 (1997). Television broadcast stations: 1 (2009). Televisions: 3,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 4,370 (2012). Internet users: 10,000 (2009).

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 1,390 km; paved: 34 km; unpaved: 1,356 km (2011 est.). Ports and harbors: Honiara, Malloco Bay, Viru Harbor, Tulaghi. Airports: 36 (2013).

International disputes: since 2003, the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands, consisting of police, military, and civilian advisors drawn from 15 countries, has assisted in reestablishing and maintaining civil and political order while reinforcing regional stability and security.

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