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Current government officials

Languages: Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000)

Ethnicity/race: Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000)

Religions: Buddhist 43%, Islam 15%, Taoist 9%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 5%, other Christian 10%, none 15% (2000)

Literacy rate: 93% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $318.9 billion; per capita $60,500. Real growth rate: 4.9%. Inflation: 5.2%. Unemployment: 2% (2011). Arable land: 1.47%. Agriculture: rubber, copra, fruit, orchids, vegetables; poultry, eggs; fish, ornamental fish. Labor force: 3.075 million (2010 est.); agriculture .1%; industry 30.2%; services 69.7 (2010). Industries: electronics, chemicals, financial services, oil drilling equipment, petroleum refining, rubber processing and rubber products, processed food and beverages, ship repair, offshore platform construction, life sciences, entrepôt trade. Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports. Exports: $414.8 billion (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs. Imports: $366.3 billion (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, mineral fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: U.S., Malaysia, Hong Kong, China, Japan, Indonesia, South Korea, Taiwan (2010).

Member of Commonwealth of Nations

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.984 million (2010); mobile cellular: 7.307 million (2010). Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 18 (2008). Television broadcast stations: 8 (2008). Televisions: 1.33 million (1997). Internet Hosts: 1.932 million (2010). Internet users: 3.235 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 38.6 km. Highways: total: 3,356 km; paved: 3,356 km (including 161 km of expressways). Ports and harbors: Singapore. Airports: 9 (2012).

International disputes: disputes persist with Malaysia over deliveries of fresh water to Singapore, Singapore's extensive land reclamation works, bridge construction, and maritime boundaries in the Johor and Singapore Straits; in 2008, ICJ awards sovereignty of Pedra Branca (Pulau Batu Puteh/Horsburgh Island) to Singapore, and Middle Rocks to Malaysia, but does not rule on maritime regimes, boundaries, or disposition of South Ledge; Indonesia and Singapore continue to work on finalization of their 1973 maritime boundary agreement by defining unresolved areas north of Indonesia's Batam Island; piracy remains a problem in the Malacca Strait.

Major sources and definitions

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