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Saudi Arabia

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Flag of Saudi Arabia
Index
  1. Saudi Arabia Main Page
  2. The Discovery of Oil and Political Evolution
  3. The Attacks of September 11, 2001, and Their Consequences
  4. King Shakes Up Government
  5. Saudi Arabi Makes Unprecedented Move at the UN

More Facts & Figures

National name: Al-Mamlaka al-'Arabiya as-Sa'udiya

Current government officials

Language: Arabic

Ethnicity/race: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religion: Islam 100%

Literacy rate: 78.8% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $676.7 billion; per capita $24,000. Real growth rate: 6.5%. Inflation: 5%. Unemployment: 10.9% male only (local bank estimate; some estimates range as high as 25%) (2011 est.). Arable land: 2%. Agriculture: wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk. Labor force: 7.63 million; note: more than 35% of the population in the 15–64 age group is non-national; agriculture 12%, industry 25%, services 63% (1999 est.). Industries: crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals; ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics; metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper. Exports: $350.7 billion (2011 est.): petroleum and petroleum products 90%. Imports: $106.5 billion (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles. Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Germany, UK (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4.16 million (2009 est.); mobile cellular: 51.56 million (2009 est.). Radio broadcast stations: AM 43, FM 31, shortwave 2 (1998). Radios: 6.25 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 117 (2007). Televisions: 5.1 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 9,774,000 (2010). Internet users: 9.774 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 1,378 km (2002). Highways: total: 221,372 km; paved: 47,529 km; unpaved: 173,843 km (2006). Ports and harbors: Ad Dammam, Al Jubayl, Duba, Jiddah, Jizan, Rabigh, Ra's al Khafji, Mishab, Ras Tanura, Yanbu' al Bahr, Madinat Yanbu' al Sinaiyah. Airports: 217 (2012).

International disputes: nomadic groups on border region with Yemen resist demarcation of boundary; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia have been negotiating a long-contested maritime boundary with Iran; because the treaties have not been made public, the exact alignment of the boundary with the UAE is still unknown and labeled approximate.

Major sources and definitions

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