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Saudi Arabia

Flag of Saudi Arabia
  1. Saudi Arabia Main Page
  2. The Discovery of Oil and Political Evolution
  3. The Attacks of September 11, 2001, and Their Consequences
  4. King Shakes Up Government
  5. Saudi Arabi Makes Unprecedented Move at the UN

More Facts & Figures

National name: Al-Mamlaka al-'Arabiya as-Sa'udiya

Current government officials

Language: Arabic

Ethnicity/race: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

Religion: Muslim (official; citizens are 85-90% Sunni and 10-15% Shia), other (includes Eastern Orthodox, Protestant, Roman Catholic, Jewish, Hindu, Buddhist, and Sikh) (2012 est.)

Literacy rate: 87.2% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $927.8 billion; per capita $31,300. Real growth rate: 3.6%. Inflation: 3.7%. Unemployment: 10.5% male only (local bank estimate; some estimates range as high as 25%) (2013 est.). Arable land: 1.45%. Agriculture: wheat, barley, tomatoes, melons, dates, citrus; mutton, chickens, eggs, milk. Labor force: 8.412 million; note: about 80% of the labor force is non-national (2013); agriculture 6.7%, industry 21.4%, services 71.9% (2005 est.). Industries: crude oil production, petroleum refining, basic petrochemicals; ammonia, industrial gases, sodium hydroxide (caustic soda), cement, fertilizer, plastics; metals, commercial ship repair, commercial aircraft repair, construction. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, copper. Exports: $376.3 billion (2013 est.): petroleum and petroleum products 90%. Imports: $147 billion (2013 est.): machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, chemicals, motor vehicles, textiles. Major trading partners: U.S., Japan, South Korea, China, Singapore, Germany, India (2012).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4.8 million (2012 est.); mobile cellular: 53 million (2012 est.). Radio broadcast stations: AM 43, FM 31, shortwave 2 (1998). Radios: 6.25 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 117 (2007). Televisions: 5.1 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 145,941 (2012). Internet users: 9.774 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 1,378 km (2008). Highways: total: 221,372 km; paved: 47,529 km; unpaved: 173,843 km (2006). Ports and harbors: Ad Dammam, Al Jubayl, Jeddah, Yanbu al Bahr. Airports: 214 (2013).

International disputes:Saudi Arabia has reinforced its concrete-filled security barrier along sections of the now fully demarcated border with Yemen to stem illegal cross-border activities; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia continue discussions on a maritime boundary with Iran; Saudi Arabia claims Egyptian-administered islands of Tiran and Sanafir.

Major sources and definitions

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