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Saint Pierre and Miquelon

Status: Territorial Collectivity

Prefect: Patrice Latron (2011)

Land area: 93 sq mi (241 sq km)

Population (2014 est.): 5,716 (growth rate: -1.02%); birth rate: 7.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 6.95/1000; life expectancy: 80.26; density per sq mi: 64.7

Capital (2011 est.): Saint Pierre, 5,000

Language: French (official)

Ethnicity/race: Basques and Bretons (French fishermen)

Religion: Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%

Literacy rate: 99% (1982 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2006 est.): $215.3 million, supplemented by annual payments from France of about $60 million; per capita $34,900 (2006 est.). Real growth rate: n.a. Inflation: 4.5% (2010). Unemployment: 9.9% (2008 est.). Arable land: 8.7%. Agriculture: vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish. Labor force: 3,194 (2006); agriculture 18%, industry (mainly fish processing) 41%, services 41% (1996 est.). Industries: fish processing and supply base for fishing fleets; tourism. Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports. Exports: $6.641 million (2010 est.): fish and fish products, soybeans, animal feed, mollusks and crustaceans, fox and mink pelts. Imports: $95.35 million (2010 est.): meat, clothing, fuel, electrical equipment, machinery, building materials. Major trading partners: Belgium, U.S., Spain, France, Germany, Canada, Ireland, Italy (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4,800 (2010); mobile cellular: n.a. (2012). Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 2 (2007). Internet hosts: 15 (2012). Internet users: n.a.

Transportation: Railways: 0 km. Highways: total: 117 km; paved: 80 km; unpaved: 37 km. Ports and harbors: Saint Pierre. Airports: 2 (2013).

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

The sole remnant of the French colonial empire in North America, these islands were first occupied by the French in 1604. Their importance arises from their proximity to the Grand Banks, located 10 mi south of Newfoundland, making them the center of the French Atlantic cod fisheries.

See also Encyclopedia: St. Pierre and Miquelon.

French Territorial CollectivitiesMayotte