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Russia

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Index
  1. Russia Main Page
  2. The Bolshevik Revolution
  3. Emergence of the USSR
  4. The Berlin Blockade and the Cold War
  5. Dissolution of the USSR
  6. Financial Crisis and Political Upheaval
  7. Putin's Rise to Power
  8. Attempts at Chechen Independence Fail
  9. A Shocking Hostage Situation, a Move Towards Climate Change, and Radiation Poison
  10. Crumbling Relations with the United States
  11. Putin Retains Power
  12. Conflict with Georgia and the Demise of the Western Friendship
  13. String of Suicide Bombs Sparks Fear of a Crackdown by Putin
  14. Putin to Return to the Presidency
  15. 2011 Parliamentary Elections Spark Massive Protests
  16. Russia Blocks U.N. Action in Syria
  17. Assassination Plot Uncovered Before Putin Wins the Presidential Election
  18. Protests Become Violent Ahead of Putin's Third Inauguration
  19. Massive Flood Kills More Than 100 People
  20. The Kremlin Takes Action against Political Activists
  21. Russia enters the World Trade Organization
  22. One Punk Band Member Released as Case Continues to Draw International Attention
  23. Russia Won't Renew Weapons Pact with United States
  24. Opposition Leader Says He Was Forced to Confess
  25. Meteorite Fragments Injure Hundreds
  26. Anti-Gay Bill Ignites International Protests
  27. American Fugitive Seeks Asylum in Russia
  28. Russia Assists with Chemical Weapons Investigation in Syria
  29. Multiple Bombings Raise Fears for Olympics
  30. Russia Seizes Control of Crimea
  31. Putin Announces Annexation of Crimea
Putin's Rise to Power

In a decision that took Russia and the world by surprise, Boris Yeltsin resigned on Dec. 31, 1999, and Vladimir Putin became the acting president.

In Feb. 2000, after almost five months of fighting, Russian troops captured Grozny. It was a political as well as a military victory for Putin, whose hard-line stance against Chechnya greatly contributed to his political popularity.

On March 26, 2000, Putin won the presidential election with about 53% of the vote. Putin moved to centralize power in Moscow and attempted to limit the power and influence of both the regional governors and wealthy business leaders. Although Russia remained economically stagnant, Putin brought his nation a measure of political stability it never had under the mercurial and erratic Yeltsin.

In Aug. 2000 the Russian government was severely criticized for its handling of the Kursk disaster, a nuclear submarine accident that left 118 sailors dead.

Russia was initially alarmed in 2001 when the U.S. announced its rejection of the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty of 1972, which for 30 years had been viewed as a crucial force in keeping the nuclear arms race under control. But Putin was eventually placated by President George W. Bush's reassurances, and in May 2002, the U.S. and Russian leaders announced a landmark pact to cut both countries' nuclear arsenals by up to two-thirds over the next ten years.

On Oct. 23, 2002, Chechen rebels seized a crowded Moscow theater and detained 763 people, including 3 Americans. Armed and wired with explosives, the rebels demanded that the Russian government end the war in Chechnya. Government forces stormed the theater the next day, after releasing a gas into the theater that killed not only all the rebels but more than 100 hostages.

Next: Attempts at Chechen Independence Fail
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