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Russia

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Index
  1. Russia Main Page
  2. The Bolshevik Revolution
  3. Emergence of the USSR
  4. The Berlin Blockade and the Cold War
  5. Dissolution of the USSR
  6. Financial Crisis and Political Upheaval
  7. Putin's Rise to Power
  8. Attempts at Chechen Independence Fail
  9. A Shocking Hostage Situation, a Move Towards Climate Change, and Radiation Poison
  10. Crumbling Relations with the United States
  11. Putin Retains Power
  12. Conflict with Georgia and the Demise of the Western Friendship
  13. String of Suicide Bombs Sparks Fear of a Crackdown by Putin
  14. Putin to Return to the Presidency
  15. 2011 Parliamentary Elections Spark Massive Protests
  16. Russia Blocks U.N. Action in Syria
  17. Assassination Plot Uncovered Before Putin Wins the Presidential Election
  18. Protests Become Violent Ahead of Putin's Third Inauguration
  19. Massive Flood Kills More Than 100 People
  20. The Kremlin Takes Action against Political Activists
  21. Russia enters the World Trade Organization
  22. One Punk Band Member Released as Case Continues to Draw International Attention
  23. Russia Won't Renew Weapons Pact with United States
  24. Opposition Leader Says He Was Forced to Confess
  25. Meteorite Fragments Injure Hundreds
  26. Anti-Gay Bill Ignites International Protests
  27. American Fugitive Seeks Asylum in Russia
  28. Russia Assists with Chemical Weapons Investigation in Syria
  29. Multiple Bombings Raise Fears for Olympics
  30. Russia Seizes Control of Crimea
  31. Putin Announces Annexation of Crimea
Putin Retains Power

Putin announced in October that he would head the list of candidates on the United Russia ticket, the country's leading political party. Such a move would pave the way for Putin to become prime minister, and thus allow him to retain power. In December parliamentary elections, United Russia won in a landslide, taking 64.1% of the vote, far ahead of the Communist Party of Russia, which took 11.6%. Opposition parties complained that the election was rigged, and European monitors said the vote wasn't fair. Putin used his sway over the media to stifle the opposition and campaign for United Russia, making the election a referendum on his popularity. Opposition leader and former chess champion Garry Kasparov said the election was "the most unfair and dirtiest in the whole history of modern Russia."

In Dec., Putin endorsed Dmitri Medvedev in the presidential election scheduled for March 2008. A Putin loyalist who is said to be moderate and pro-Western, Medvedev is a first deputy prime minister and the chairman of Gazprom, the country's oil monopoly. He has never worked in intelligence or security agencies, unlike Putin and many members of his administration. Medvedev said that if elected, he would appoint Putin as prime minister.

Medvedev won the March 2008 presidential election with 67% of the vote. Putin said he would serve as Medvedev's prime minister and indicated that he will increase the responsibilities of the position. Although Medvedev vowed to restore stability to Russia after the 1990s turmoil, significant change in the government is not expected.

On April 15, 2008, Putin was chosen as chairman of the United Russia party and agreed to become prime minister when Dmitri Medvedev assumes the presidency in May.

On May 6, 2008, Dmitry Medvedev was sworn in as president, and Putin became prime minister days later. Although Medvedev assumed the presidency, Putin clearly remained in control of the government and signaled that the premiership would gain broad authority. In assembling a cabinet, Putin called on several members of his former administration.

Next: Conflict with Georgia and the Demise of the Western Friendship
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