| Share
 

Romania

Previous
Flag of Romania
Index
  1. Romania Main Page
  2. Attempting Post-Communist Government
  3. Government in Turmoil
  4. Protests Demand New Government
  5. Basescu Faces Second Referendum

More Facts & Figures

Current government officials

Languages: Romanian 91% (official), Hungarian 6.7%, Romany (Gypsy) 1.1%, other 1.2%

Ethnicity/race: Romanian 89.5%, Hungarian 6.6%, Roma (Gyspy) 2.5%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.3%, Russian 0.2%, Turkish 0.2%, other 0.4% (2002)

Religions: Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census)

Literacy rate: 97.3% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $263.9 billion; per capita $12,300. Real growth rate: 1.5%. Inflation: 3.1%. Unemployment: 5.1%. Arable land: 39%. Agriculture: wheat, corn, barley, sugar beets, sunflower seed, potatoes, grapes; eggs, sheep. Labor force: 9.25 million (2011 est.); agriculture 31.6%, industry 30.7%, services 37.7% (2004). Industries: textiles and footwear, light machinery and auto assembly, mining, timber, construction materials, metallurgy, chemicals, food processing, petroleum refining. Natural resources: petroleum (reserves declining), timber, natural gas, coal, iron ore, salt, arable land, hydropower. Exports: $62.5 billion (2011 est.): textiles and footwear, metals and metal products, machinery and equipment, minerals and fuels, chemicals, agricultural products. Imports: $70.82 billion f.o.b. (2011 est.): machinery and equipment, fuels and minerals, chemicals, textile and products, basic metals, agricultural products. Major trading partners: Italy, Germany, France, Turkey, UK, Russia (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4.5 million (2009); mobile cellular: 24.6 million (2009). Radio broadcast stations: 698 (frequency type NA) (2006). Radios: 7.2 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 623 (plus 200 repeaters)(2006). Televisions: 5.25 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2.702 million (2010). Internet users: 7.787 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 10,785 km (4,002 km electrified) (2010). Highways: total: 82,386 km; paved: 71,154 km (including 228 km of expressways); unpaved: 11,232 km (2009). Waterways: 1,731 km (2006). Ports and harbors: Braila, Constanta, Galati, Mangalia, Sulina, Tulcea. Airports: 54 (2012).

International disputes: has not resolved claims to Ukrainian-administered Zmyinyy (Snake) Island and Black Sea maritime boundary despite ongoing talks based on 1997 friendship treaty to find a solution in two years; joint boundary commission is rectifying boundary with Bulgaria based on shifts in Danube since last delimitation in 1920; Hungary has yet to amend status law extending special social and cultural benefits to ethnic Hungarians in Romania, who protest the law.

Major sources and definitions

1 2 3 4 5

Qatar Countries Russia

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring