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  1. Philippines Main Page
  2. An Independent Nation: Not Without Corruption
  3. The End of U.S. Presence and Rebel Fighting Continues
  4. Government Unrest and a Military Coup
  5. Local Government Leader and Ally of President Accused of Organizing Massacre
  6. Tension Increases with China Over Island
  7. Government and Muslim Rebel Group Close to Peace Deal
  8. Death Toll Rises from Typhoon Bopha
  9. 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake Kills at least 144 People
  10. Typhoon Haiyan Kills Thousands
Local Government Leader and Ally of President Accused of Organizing Massacre

The government declared a state of emergency in November 2009 in the southern province of Maguindanao on the island of Mindanao following the massacre of a group of 57 people who about to fill out election nomination forms for a local leader who was challenging rival Andal Ampatuan, Jr., in the race for provincial governor. Officials and relatives of the victims blame Ampatuan's father, Andal Ampatuan, Sr., for organizing the attack. Ampatuan, himself a a former provincial governor, is an ally of President Arroyo. In February 2010, police arrested nearly 200 people, including both Ampatuans, in connection with the attack.

In elections in May 2010, Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino, a senator and the son of former president, Corazon Aquino, was elected president. He won about 40% of the vote. Former president Joseph Estrada placed second in the race, with about 25%. Aquino campaigned on a promise to crack down on corruption, which he said would help to reduce poverty.

Sitting astride the typhoon belt, the Philippines are usually affected by 15 and struck by 5 to 6 cyclonic storms per year. The end of 2011 brought typhoon Typhoon Washi, which raged for three days with winds gusting up to 90 kmh (56 mph). The deadly storm killed more than 1,200 and left an estimated 60,000 homeless.

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