More Facts & Figures
National name: Republika ng Pilipinas
Languages: Filipino (based on Tagalog), English (both official); eight major dialects: Tagalog, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasinense
Ethnicity/race: Tagalog 28.1%, Cebuano 13.1%, Ilocano 9%, Bisaya/Binisaya 7.6%, Hiligaynon Ilonggo 7.5%, Bikol 6%, Waray 3.4%, other 25.3% (2000)
Religions: Roman Catholic 81%, Evangelical 3%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2%, Aglipayan 2%, other Christian 5%, Islam 5% (2000)
Literacy rate: 92.6% (2000 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $389.8 billion; per capita $4,100. Real growth rate: 3.7%. Inflation: 5.3%. Unemployment: 7.0%. Arable land: 19%. Agriculture: sugarcane, coconuts, rice, corn, bananas, cassavas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, beef; fish. Labor force: 40 million; agriculture 33%, industry 15%, services 52% (2010 est.). Industries: electronics assembly, garments, footwear, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, petroleum refining, fishing. Natural resources: timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper. Exports: $54.17 billion (2011 est.): electronic equipment, machinery and transport equipment, garments, optical instruments, coconut products, fruits and nuts, copper products, chemicals. Imports: $68.84 billion (2011 est.): raw materials, machinery and equipment, fuels, vehicles and vehicle parts, plastic, chemicals, grains. Major trading partners: Japan, U.S., Netherlands, Hong Kong, China, Singapore, Taiwan, Malaysia, Germany, Indonesia, South Korea, Thailand (2010).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 6.783 million (2010); mobile cellular: 79.896 million (2010). Broadcast media:multiple national private TV and radio networks; multi-channel satellite and cable TV systems available; five national or major TV networks; three government-owned networks; five major cable TV networks and a government-operated national TV and radio network; about 300 analog television stations; more than 1,000 radio stations (2010). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 452,050 (2010). Internet users: 8.278 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 995 km (2010). Highways: total: 213,151 km; paved: 54,481 km; unpaved: 158,670 km (2009). Waterways: 3,219 km; limited to shallow-draft (less than 1.5 m) vessels. Ports and harbors:Batangas, Cagayan de Oro, Cebu, Davao, Liman, Manila. Airports:211 (2012).
International disputes: Philippines claims sovereignty over Scarborough Reef (also claimed by China together with Taiwan) and over certain of the Spratly Islands, known locally as the Kalayaan (Freedom) Islands, also claimed by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam; the 2002 "Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea," has eased tensions in the Spratly Islands but falls short of a legally binding "code of conduct" desired by several of the disputants; in March 2005, the national oil companies of China, the Philippines, and Vietnam signed a joint accord to conduct marine seismic activities in the Spratly Islands; Philippines retains a dormant claim to Malaysia's Sabah State in northern Borneo based on the Sultanate of Sulu's granting the Philippines Government power of attorney to pursue a sovereignty claim on his behalf; maritime delimitation negotiations continue with Palau.