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Flag of Pakistan
  1. Pakistan Main Page
  2. The New Republic
  3. A Shaky Government
  4. President Musharraf Extends Power
  5. A Relationship with the Taliban
  6. Musharraf's Political Troubles
  7. The Return of Benazir Bhutto
  8. Bhutto's Assassination and Successor
  9. A New Government
  10. Fighting Breaks Out
  11. A New President and U.S. Involvement
  12. A Resurgence of Attacks
  13. Government Assaults on Taliban Meet Strong Resistance
  14. Floods Ravage the Country
  15. Osama bin Laden Is Killed
  16. Ties with U.S. Strained
  17. Pakistan Faces Internal Strife
  18. Nawaz Sharif Returns to Post as Prime Minister in Historic Election
  19. Historic Christian Church Destroyed by Taliban
  20. Taliban Leader Killed in a Drone Strike
Nawaz Sharif Returns to Post as Prime Minister in Historic Election

Former prime minister Nawaz Sharif of the Pakistan Muslim League dominated parliamentary elections in May 2013. Trailing were the Movement for Justice Party (PTI), led by cricket star Imran Khan, and the governing Pakistan People's Party (PPP). The historic election marked the first time in the coup-prone country that a civilian government served out its full five-year term and transferrred power after a democratic election. Khan, who appealed to younger voters, was expected to poll much better and alleged the election was marred by vote-rigging. Sharif formed alliances with smaller parties to establish a majority, and Parliament elected him prime minister in June. He served as prime minister from 1990 to 1993 and 1997 to 1999. A fiscal conservative who favors deregulation, Sharif campaigned on promises to boost the economy and curtail Pakistan's cooperation with the U.S. in its war on terrorists. Upon taking office, he called on the U.S. to halt its drone strikes into tribal areas on Pakistani soil. His request came days after a U.S. drone strike killed Wali-ur-Rehman, the Pakistan Taliban's second highest-ranking leader.

A 336-page document was leaked in July 2013, reviving questions about Pakistani government collusion in the hiding of Osama bin Laden. Compiled from the testimony of more than 200 witnesses—including military and civilian officials and the three widows of Bin Laden—the report called out the government's "culpable incompetence and negligence," but fell short of implicating the government in active partnering with Al-Qaeda.

The national and provincial parliaments elected Mamnoon Hussain president in July 2013. Hussain, of the ruling Pakistan Muslim League, defeated Wajihuddin Ahmad, a former Supreme Court justice. The opposition Pakistan People's Party (PPP) boycotted the election, saying there was not enough time to campaign before the election. Hussain is a businessman with little political experience beyond briefly serving as governor of Sindh Province in 1999. Zardari is the first democratically elected president to finish his term and hand power to a successor. Since Zardari returned many of his powers to parliament in 2010, the role of president is largely ceremonial.

Next: Historic Christian Church Destroyed by Taliban
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