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  1. Norway Main Page
  2. The World Wars and 20th Century Norwegian Politics
  3. Politics In the 21st Century
  4. 2011 Terrorist Attacks
  5. 2013 Parliamentary Elections Brings Shift in Leadership

More Facts & Figures

National name: Kongeriket Norge

Current government officials

Languages: Bokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities (Sami is official in six municipalities)

Ethnicity/race: Norwegian, Sami 20,000

Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 86% (state church), Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2% (2004)

National Holiday: Constitution Day, May 17

Literacy rate: 100% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $273.1 billion; per capita $58,600. Real growth rate: –1%. Inflation: 2.3%. Unemployment: 3.2%. Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish. Labor force: 2.5 million; services 74%, industry 22%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 4% (1995). Industries: petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing. Natural resources: petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower. Exports: $122 billion (2009 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish. Imports: $64.5 billion (2009 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: UK, Germany, Netherlands, France, U.S., Sweden, Denmark, China (2006).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 2.055 million (2006); mobile cellular: 5.041 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM at least 650, shortwave 1 (1998). Radios: 4.03 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 360 (plus 2,729 repeaters) (1995). Televisions: 2.03 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2.084 million (2007). Internet users: 4.074 million (2006).

Transportation: Railways: total: 4,043 km (2006). Highways: total: 92,513 km; paved: 71,832 km (includes 664 km of expressways); unpaved: 20,681 km (2005). Waterways: 1,577 km (2007). Ports and harbors: Bergen, Drammen, Floro, Hammerfest, Harstad, Haugesund, Kristiansand, Larvik, Narvik, Oslo, Porsgrunn, Stavanger, Tromso, Trondheim. Airports: 98 (2007).

International disputes: Norway asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); despite recent discussions, Russia and Norway continue to dispute their maritime limits in the Barents Sea and Russia's fishing rights beyond Svalbard's territorial limits within the Svalbard Treaty zone.

Major sources and definitions

Dependencies of Norway

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