More Facts & Figures
National name: Kongeriket Norge
Languages: Bokmål Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian (both official); small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities (Sami is official in six municipalities)
Ethnicity/race: Norwegian, Sami 20,000
Religions: Evangelical Lutheran 86% (state church), Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2% (2004)
National Holiday: Constitution Day, May 17
Literacy rate: 100% (2003 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $273.1 billion; per capita $58,600. Real growth rate: –1%. Inflation: 2.3%. Unemployment: 3.2%. Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: barley, wheat, potatoes; pork, beef, veal, milk; fish. Labor force: 2.5 million; services 74%, industry 22%, agriculture, forestry, and fishing 4% (1995). Industries: petroleum and gas, food processing, shipbuilding, pulp and paper products, metals, chemicals, timber, mining, textiles, fishing. Natural resources: petroleum, copper, natural gas, pyrites, nickel, iron ore, zinc, lead, fish, timber, hydropower. Exports: $122 billion (2009 est.): petroleum and petroleum products, machinery and equipment, metals, chemicals, ships, fish. Imports: $64.5 billion (2009 est.): machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals, foodstuffs. Major trading partners: UK, Germany, Netherlands, France, U.S., Sweden, Denmark, China (2006).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 2.055 million (2006); mobile cellular: 5.041 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 5, FM at least 650, shortwave 1 (1998). Radios: 4.03 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 360 (plus 2,729 repeaters) (1995). Televisions: 2.03 million (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2.084 million (2007). Internet users: 4.074 million (2006).
Transportation: Railways: total: 4,043 km (2006). Highways: total: 92,513 km; paved: 71,832 km (includes 664 km of expressways); unpaved: 20,681 km (2005). Waterways: 1,577 km (2007). Ports and harbors: Bergen, Drammen, Floro, Hammerfest, Harstad, Haugesund, Kristiansand, Larvik, Narvik, Oslo, Porsgrunn, Stavanger, Tromso, Trondheim. Airports: 98 (2007).
International disputes: Norway asserts a territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land and its continental shelf); despite recent discussions, Russia and Norway continue to dispute their maritime limits in the Barents Sea and Russia's fishing rights beyond Svalbard's territorial limits within the Svalbard Treaty zone.