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  1. Nigeria Main Page
  2. Independent Nigeria Faces Ethnic Conflicts
  3. Military Coups Shift Power
  4. West African Superpower
  5. Religion and Fighting Threaten Nigeria's Stability
  6. Corruption and Violence Taint Democratic Elections
  7. President Relents on Ending Oil Subsidies
  8. Government Cracks Down on Islamist Militants in the North
  9. Ban on Same-Sex Marriages Sparks Homophobic Violence
  10. Boko Haram Massacres Hundreds of Civilians
  11. President Jonathan Ousted at the Ballot Box
President Jonathan Ousted at the Ballot Box

Nigeria's election commission postponed for six weeks presidential elections scheduled for Feb. 14 after the military said it could not protect voters in the northeast from Boko Haram. Some questioned if the decision was influenced by President Jonathan, whose victory was by no means guaranteed. Indeed, he faced a strong challenge from Muhammadu Buhari, a former military dictator who was behind a 1983 coup. Buhari prevailed in the March 2015 election, which was largely peaceful. Jonathan's defeat was attributed to his failure to defeat Boko Haram and his inability to crack down on endemic corruption. Jonathan accepted the loss, making for a smooth transfer of power—the first between civilians from different parties.

Buhari fired his top military leaders in July 2015, citing the military's ineffective response to Boko Haram and alleged human rights violations—the use of torture, starvation, and ill treatment at detention facilities—during its campaign against Boko Haram.

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