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Flag of Nicaragua
  1. Nicaragua Main Page
  2. Dictators Struggle for Power
  3. Sandista's Rule Comes to an End
  4. International Involvement
  5. Ortega Wins Controversial Reelection
  6. An End to the Monroe Doctrine?

More Facts & Figures

National name: República de Nicaragua

Current government officials

Languages: Spanish 98% (official); English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast (1995)

Ethnicity/race: mestizo 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%

Religions: Roman Catholic 73%, Evangelical 15%, Moravian 2%, none 9% (1995)

National Holiday: Independence Day, September 15

Literacy rate: 68% (2003 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $16.53 billion; per capita $2,800. Real growth rate: –2.9%. Inflation: 4.3%. Unemployment: 5.9% plus underemployment of 46.5% (2007 est.). Arable land: 15%. Agriculture: coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, tobacco, sesame, soya, beans; beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products; shrimp, lobsters. Labor force: 2.262 million; agriculture 29%, industry 19%, services 52% (2006 est.). Industries: food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood. Natural resources: gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish. Exports: $2.3 billion (2009 est.): coffee, beef, shrimp and lobster, tobacco, sugar, gold, peanuts. Imports: $3.968 billion (2009 est.): consumer goods, machinery and equipment, raw materials, petroleum products. Major trading partners: U.S., El Salvador, Mexico, Honduras, Costa Rica, Venezuela, China, Guatemala (2006).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 247,900 (2006); mobile cellular: 1.83 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 63, FM 32, shortwave 1 (1998). Radios: 1.24 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 3 (plus seven low-power repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 320,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 27,941 (2007). Internet users: 155,000 (2006).

Transportation: Railways: 6 km (2006). Highways: total: 19,032 km; paved: 2,094 km; unpaved: 16,938 km (2005). Waterways: 2,220 km (including 2 large lakes). Ports and harbors: Bluefields, Corinto, El Bluff, Puerto Cabezas, Puerto Sandino, Rama, San Juan del Sur. Airports: 163 (2007).

International disputes: territorial disputes with Colombia over the Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank region; with respect to the maritime boundary question in the Golfo de Fonseca, the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua likely would be required; legal dispute over navigational rights of San Juan River on border with Costa Rica.

Major sources and definitions

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