More Facts & Figures
National name: República de Nicaragua
Languages: Spanish 98% (official); English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast (1995)
Ethnicity/race: mestizo 69%, white 17%, black 9%, Amerindian 5%
Religions: Roman Catholic 73%, Evangelical 15%, Moravian 2%, none 9% (1995)
National Holiday: Independence Day, September 15
Literacy rate: 68% (2003 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2009 est.): $16.53 billion; per capita $2,800. Real growth rate: –2.9%. Inflation: 4.3%. Unemployment: 5.9% plus underemployment of 46.5% (2007 est.). Arable land: 15%. Agriculture: coffee, bananas, sugarcane, cotton, rice, corn, tobacco, sesame, soya, beans; beef, veal, pork, poultry, dairy products; shrimp, lobsters. Labor force: 2.262 million; agriculture 29%, industry 19%, services 52% (2006 est.). Industries: food processing, chemicals, machinery and metal products, textiles, clothing, petroleum refining and distribution, beverages, footwear, wood. Natural resources: gold, silver, copper, tungsten, lead, zinc, timber, fish. Exports: $2.3 billion (2009 est.): coffee, beef, shrimp and lobster, tobacco, sugar, gold, peanuts. Imports: $3.968 billion (2009 est.): consumer goods, machinery and equipment, raw materials, petroleum products. Major trading partners: U.S., El Salvador, Mexico, Honduras, Costa Rica, Venezuela, China, Guatemala (2006).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 247,900 (2006); mobile cellular: 1.83 million (2006). Radio broadcast stations: AM 63, FM 32, shortwave 1 (1998). Radios: 1.24 million (1997). Television broadcast stations: 3 (plus seven low-power repeaters) (1997). Televisions: 320,000 (1997). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 27,941 (2007). Internet users: 155,000 (2006).
Transportation: Railways: 6 km (2006). Highways: total: 19,032 km; paved: 2,094 km; unpaved: 16,938 km (2005). Waterways: 2,220 km (including 2 large lakes). Ports and harbors: Bluefields, Corinto, El Bluff, Puerto Cabezas, Puerto Sandino, Rama, San Juan del Sur. Airports: 163 (2007).
International disputes: territorial disputes with Colombia over the Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank region; with respect to the maritime boundary question in the Golfo de Fonseca, the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua likely would be required; legal dispute over navigational rights of San Juan River on border with Costa Rica.