More Facts & Figures
Languages: Nauruan (official), English
Ethnicity/race: Nauruan 58%, other Pacific Islander 26%, Chinese 8%, European 8%
Religions: Protestant 45.8% (Nauru Congregational 35.4%, Nauru Independent Church 10.4%), Roman Catholic 33.2%, other 14.1%, none 4.5%, unspecified 2.4% (2002 census)
National Holiday: Independence Day, January 31
Literacy rate: n.a
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2005 est.): $60 million; per capita $5,000. Real growth rate: n.a. Inflation: n.a. (2011). Unemployment: 90% (2004 est.). Arable land: 0%. Agriculture: coconuts. Labor force: mining phosphates, public administration, education, and transportation. Industries: phosphate mining, offshore banking, coconut products. Natural resources: phosphates. Exports: $64,000 (2005): phosphates. Imports: $20 million (2004 est.): food, fuel, manufactures, building materials, machinery. Major trading partners: none.
Special relationship within the Commonwealth of Nations
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1,900 (2009); mobile cellular: 6,700 (2011). Broadcast media: 1 government-owned television station broadcasting programs from New Zealand sent via satellite or on videotape; 1 government-owned radio station, broadcasting on AM and FM, utilizes Australian and British programs (2009). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 8,162 (2012). Internet users: n.a.
Transportation: Railways: total: 5 km; note: used to haul phosphates from the center of the island to processing facilities on the southwest coast (2001). Roadways: total: 24 km; paved: 24 km (2002). Ports and harbors: Nauru. Airports: 1 (2012).
International disputes: none.