|Facts & Figures|
President: Hifikepunye Pohamba
Prime Minister: Hage Geingob
Total area: 318,694 sq mi (825,418 sq km)
Population (2013 est.): 2,182,852
(growth rate: 0.817%); birth rate: 21.11/1000; infant mortality rate:
45.61/1000; life expectancy: 52.17
Capital and largest city (2009 est.):
Monetary unit: Namibian dollar
More Facts & Figures
Namibia is bordered on the north by Angola and
Zambia, on the east by Botswana, and on the east and south by South
Africa. It is for the most part a portion of the high plateau of southern
Africa, with a general elevation of from 3,000 to 4,000 ft.
The San peoples may have inhabited what is now
Namibia more than 2,000 years ago. The Bantu-speaking Herero settled
there in the 1600s. The Ovambo, the largest ethnic group today, migrated
in the 1800s.
In the late 15th century, the Portuguese
explorer Bartolomeu Dias became the first European to visit Namibia.
Formerly called South-West Africa, the territory became a German colony in
1884. Between 1904 and 1908, German troops massacred tens of thousands of
Herero, who had revolted against colonial rule. In 1915, during
World War I, Namibian territory was taken over by South African forces. In
1921, it became a mandated territory of the League of Nations, under the
administration of South Africa.