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Flag of Mozambique
  1. Mozambique Main Page
  2. Guerrilla Activity Leads to Independence
  3. Civil War
  4. Democracy and Economic Growth
  5. Peace Pact Collapses Between Opposition and Government
Civil War

On Jan. 25, 1985, after a decade of independence, the government became locked in a paralyzing war with antigovernment guerrillas, the Mozambique National Resistance (MNR, or Renamo), who were backed by the white minority government in South Africa. The guerrilla movement weakened President Chissanó's attempts to institute socialism, which he then decided to abandon in 1989. A new constitution was drafted calling for three branches of government and the granting civil liberties. A cease-fire agreement signed in Oct. 1992 between the government and the MNR ended 6 years of civil war.

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