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Mozambique

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Facts & Figures

President: Armando Guebuza (2005)

Prime Minister: Alberto Vaquina (2012)

Land area: 302,737 sq mi (784,089 sq km); total area: 309,494 sq mi (801,590 sq km)

Population (2012 est.): 23,515,934 (growth rate: 2.442%); birth rate: 39.34/1000; infant mortality rate: 76.85/1000; life expectancy: 52.02

Capital and largest city (2009 est.): Maputo, 1.589

Monetary unit: Metical

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Flag of Mozambique
Index
  1. Mozambique Main Page
  2. Guerrilla Activity Leads to Independence
  3. Civil War
  4. Democracy and Economic Growth
  5. Peace Pact Collapses Between Opposition and Government

Geography

Mozambique stretches for 1,535 mi (2,470 km) along Africa's southeast coast. It is nearly twice the size of California. Tanzania is to the north; Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe to the west; and South Africa and Swaziland to the south. The country is generally a low-lying plateau broken up by 25 sizable rivers that flow into the Indian Ocean. The largest is the Zambezi, which provides access to central Africa.

Government

Multiparty republic.

History

Bantu speakers migrated to Mozambique in the first millennium, and Arab and Swahili traders settled the region thereafter. It was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and first colonized by Portugal in 1505. By 1510, the Portuguese had control of all of the former Arab sultanates on the east African coast. Portuguese colonial rule was repressive.

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