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Monaco

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Facts & Figures

Ruler: Prince Albert II (2005)

Minister of State: Michel Roger (2010)

Total area: 0.8 sq mi (2.0 sq km)

Population (2010 est.): 30,586 (growth rate: –0.1%); birth rate: 7.0/1000; infant mortality rate: 1.78/1000; life expectancy: 89.78; density per sq km: 16,398

Capital (2003 est.): Monaco, 1,400

Largest city: Monte Carlo, 15,400

Monetary unit: Euro

More Facts & Figures

Flag of Monaco
Index
  1. Monaco Main Page
  2. Prince Rainier Marries Grace Kelly
  3. Tax Disputes and United Nations Accession

Geography

Monaco is a tiny, hilly wedge driven into the French Mediterranean coast; it is 9 mi east of Nice, France.

Government

Constitutional monarchy.

History

The Phoenicians, and after them the Greeks, had a temple on the Monacan headland honoring Hercules. The principality took its name from Monoikos, the Greek surname for this mythological hero. After being independent for 800 years, Monaco was annexed to France in 1793 and placed under Sardinia's protection in 1815. By the Franco-Monegasque treaty of 1861, Monaco went under French guardianship but continued to be independent. A treaty made with France in 1918 contained a clause providing that, in the event that the male Grimaldi dynasty should die out, Monaco would become an autonomous state under French protection.

Monaco has a tourist business that attracts as many as 1.5 million visitors a year and is famous for its beaches and casinos, especially world-famous Monte Carlo. It had gaming tables as early as 1856.

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