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Facts & Figures

Status: Overseas Department

Prefect: Ange Mancini (2007)

Land area: 409 sq mi (1,059 sq km); total area: 425 sq mi (1,100 sq km)

Population (2012 est.): 412,305 (growth rate: 0.3%); birth rate: 13.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 7.2/1000; life expectancy: 79.6; density per sq km: 360.9

Capital and largest city (2006 est.): Fort-de-France 90,347

Other large cities: Le Lamentin, 36,400; Schoelcher, 21,400; Sainte-Marie, 20,600

Monetary unit: euro

More Facts & Figures

flag of Martinique

Major sources and definitions

Martinique, a mountainous island lying in the Lesser Antilles about 300 mi (483 km) northeast of Venezuela, was probably explored by Columbus in 1502 and was taken for France in 1635. Martinique became a domain of the French crown in 1674. It became an overseas department of France in 1946.

See also Encyclopedia: Martinique .

GuadeloupeFrench Overseas DepartmentsRéunion

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