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Martinique

Facts & Figures

Status: Overseas Department

Prefect: Michel Cadot (2000)

Land area: 409 sq mi (1,059 sq km); total area: 425 sq mi (1,100 sq km)

Population (2006 est.): 436,131 (growth rate: 0.7%); birth rate: 13.7/1000; infant mortality rate: 7.0/1000; life expectancy: 79.2; density per sq mi: 1,067

Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Fort-de-France, 170,300 (metro. area), 96,400 (city proper)

Other large cities: Le Lamentin, 36,400; Schoelcher, 21,400; Sainte-Marie, 20,600

Monetary unit: Franc

More Facts & Figures

flag of Martinique

Major sources and definitions

Martinique, a mountainous island lying in the Lesser Antilles about 300 mi (483 km) northeast of Venezuela, was probably explored by Columbus in 1502 and was taken for France in 1635. Martinique became a domain of the French crown in 1674. It became an overseas department of France in 1946.

See also Encyclopedia: Martinique .


GuadeloupeFrench Overseas DepartmentsRéunion

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