Dalia Grybauskaite (2009)
Minister: Algirdas Butkevicius (2012)
area: 25,174 sq mi (65,200 sq km)
Population (2012 est.): 3,525,761 (growth
rate: –0.278%); birth rate: 9.34/1000; infant mortality rate: 6.18/1000;
life expectancy: 75.55
Capital and largest city (2009 est.):
Current government officials
Lithuanian 82% (official), Russian 8%, Polish 6%
Lithuanian 84%, Polish 6.1%, Russian 4.9%, Belarusian 1.1%, other or unspecified 3.9% (2009)
Roman Catholic 79%, Russian Orthodox 4.1%, Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) 1.9%, other or unspecified 5.5%, none 9.5% (2001 census)
Independence Day, February 16
Literacy: 99.7% (2010 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2012 est.):
$64.32 billion; per capita $20,100. Real growth rate: 2.7%.
Inflation: 3.4%. Unemployment: 15.7%. Arable land:
44.81%. Agriculture: grain, potatoes, sugar beets, flax,
vegetables; beef, milk, eggs; fish. Labor force: 1.587 million;
industry 29.1%, agriculture 14%, services 56.9% (2005 est.).
Industries: metal-cutting machine tools, electric motors,
television sets, refrigerators and freezers, petroleum refining,
shipbuilding (small ships), furniture making, textiles, food
processing, fertilizers, agricultural machinery, optical equipment,
electronic components, computers, amber jewelry. Natural
resources: peat, arable land, amber. Exports: $29.01
billion (2012 est.): mineral products 22%, machinery and equipment 10%, chemicals 9%, textiles 7%, foodstuffs 7%, plastics 7%. Imports: $31.41 billion
(2012 est.): mineral products, machinery and equipment,
transport equipment, chemicals, textiles and clothing, metals.
Major trading partners: Germany, Latvia, Russia,
Estonia, Poland, Netherlands, Belarus
main lines in use: 723,000 (2011); mobile cellular: 5.004 million
(2011). Broadcast media: AM 29, FM 142, shortwave 1
(2001). Radios: 1.9 million (1997). Television broadcast
stations: public broadcaster operates 3 channels with the third channel - a satellite channel - introduced in 2007; various privately-owned commercial TV broadcasters operate national and multiple regional channels; many privately-owned local TV stations; multi-channel cable and satellite TV services available; publicly-owned broadcaster operates 3 radio networks; many privately-owned commercial broadcasters, many with repeater stations in various regions throughout the country (2007). Internet
Service Providers (ISPs): 1.205 million (2012). Internet users:
1.964 million (2009).
Railways: total: 1,767 km (2011). Roadways: total: 82,131
km; paved: 72,048 km; unpaved: 10,083 km (2000). Waterways: 441
km perennially navigable. Ports and terminals: Butinge,
Klaipeda. Airports: 81 (2012).
International disputes: Lithuania and Russia committed to demarcating their boundary in 2006 in accordance with the land and maritime treaty ratified by Russia in May 2003 and by Lithuania in 1999; Lithuania operates a simplified transit regime for Russian nationals traveling from the Kaliningrad coastal exclave into Russia, while still conforming, as a EU member state having an external border with a non-EU member, to strict Schengen border rules; boundary demarcated with Latvia and Lithuania; as of January 2007, ground demarcation of the boundary with Belarus was complete and mapped with final ratification documents in preparation.
Major sources and definitions