More Facts & Figures
National name: Al-Joumhouriya al-Lubnaniya
Languages: Arabic (official), French, English, Armenian
Ethnicity/race: Arab 95%, Armenian 4%, other 1%; note: many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendents of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians
Religions: Muslim 59.7% (Shia, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Coptic, Protestant), other 1.3% note:17 religious sects recognized
National Holiday: Independence Day, November 22
Literacy rate: 87.4% (2003 est.)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2012 est.): $63.69 billion; per capita $15,900. Real growth rate: 2%. Inflation: 5.1%. Unemployment: 9.2% (2007 est.). Arable land: 16.35%. Agriculture: citrus, grapes, tomatoes, apples, vegetables, potatoes, olives, tobacco; sheep, goats. Labor force: 1.481 million; note: in addition, there are as many as 1 million foreign workers (2007 est.). Industries: banking, tourism, food processing, jewelry, cement, textiles, mineral and chemical products, wood and furniture products, oil refining, metal fabricating. Natural resources: limestone, iron ore, salt, water-surplus state in a water-deficit region, arable land. Exports: $5.655 billion (2021 est.): authentic jewelry, inorganic chemicals, miscellaneous consumer goods, fruit, tobacco, construction minerals, electric power machinery and switchgear, textile fibers, paper. Imports: $20.73 billion (2012 est.): petroleum products, cars, medicinal products, clothing, meat and live animals, consumer goods, paper, textile fabrics, tobacco. Major trading partners: Syria, UAE, Turkey, Switzerland, Saudi Arabia, Italy, France, Germany, U.S., Egypt, Iraq, China (2011).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 900,000 (2011); mobile cellular: 3.35 (2011). Broadcast media: AM 20, FM 22, shortwave 4 (1998). Radios: 7 TV stations, 1 of which is state-owned; more than 30 radio stations, 1 of which is state-owned; satellite and cable TV services available; transmissions of at least 2 international broadcasters are accessible through partner stations (2007). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 64,926 (2012). Internet users: 1 million (2009).
Transportation: Railways: total: 401 km (unusable because of damage in civil war) (2008). Highways: 6,970 km (includes 170 km of expressways) (2005). Ports and terminals: Beirut, Tripoli. Airports: 7 (2012).
International disputes: lacking a treaty or other documentation describing the boundary, portions of the Lebanon-Syria boundary are unclear with several sections in dispute; since 2000, Lebanon has claimed Shab'a Farms area in the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights; the roughly 2,000-strong UN Interim Force in Lebanon has been in place since 1978.