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Kenya

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Facts & Figures

President: Uhuru Kenyatta (2013)

Deputy President: William Ruto (2013)

Land area: 219,788 sq mi (569,251 sq km); total area: 224,961 sq mi (582,650 sq km)

Population (2012 est.): 43,013,341 (growth rate: 2.444%); birth rate: 31.93/1000; infant mortality rate: 43.41/1000; life expectancy: 63.07

Capital and largest city (2009 est.): Nairobi, 3.375 million

Other large city: Mombasa, 966,000

Monetary unit: Kenya shilling

More Facts & Figures

Flag of Kenya
Index
  1. Kenya Main Page
  2. Kenya Wins Independence After a Long Struggle
  3. Economic Woes, Corruption, and Disasters Stifle Development
  4. Hopes for Reform Under New Administration Are Dashed
  5. Ethnic Violence Follows Disputed Presidential Election
  6. Kenyan Forces Invade Somalia to Fight Islamist Militants
  7. Four Prominent Kenyans Charged with Crimes against Humanity
  8. Kenyan Troops Storm Somalian Port City, Oust Militant Group
  9. 2013 Presidential Elections Largely Peaceful
  10. Somalian Militants Terrorize Luxury Mall

Geography

Kenya lies across the equator in east-central Africa, on the coast of the Indian Ocean. It is twice the size of Nevada. Kenya borders Somalia to the east, Ethiopia to the north, Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, and Sudan to the northwest. In the north, the land is arid; the southwest corner is in the fertile Lake Victoria Basin; and a length of the eastern depression of the Great Rift Valley separates western highlands from those that rise from the lowland coastal strip.

Government

Republic.

History

Paleontologists believe people may first have inhabited Kenya about 2 million years ago. In the 700s, Arab seafarers established settlements along the coast, and the Portuguese took control of the area in the early 1500s. More than 40 ethnic groups reside in Kenya. Its largest group, the Kikuyu, migrated to the region at the beginning of the 18th century.

The land became a British protectorate in 1890 and a Crown colony in 1920, called British East Africa. Nationalist stirrings began in the 1940s, and in 1952 the Mau Mau movement, made up of Kikuyu militants, rebelled against the government. The fighting lasted until 1956.

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