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Kazakhstan

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  1. Kazakhstan Main Page
  2. Oil Brings Hope for Prosperity
  3. President Nazarbayev Continues to Consolidate Power and Stifle Opposition
  4. President Nazarbayev Absence Raises Concern
  5. 2012 Election Brings Criticism and Little Change

More Facts & Figures

National name: Qazaqstan Respublikasy

Current government officials

Languages: Kazak (Qazaq, state language) 64%; Russian (official, used in everyday business) 95% (2001 est.)

Ethnicity/race: Kazakh (Qazaq) 63.1%, Russian 23.7%, Uzbek 2.8%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Uighur 1.4%, Tatar 1.3%, German 1.1%, other 4.5% (2009 census)

Religions: Islam 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%

National Holiday: Independence Day, December 16

Literacy rate: 99.5% (1999 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP $219.6 billion (2011 est.); $13,200 (2011 est.). Real growth rate: 7.5%. Inflation: 8.4%. Unemployment: 5.4%. Arable land: 8.28%. Agriculture: grain (mostly spring wheat), cotton; livestock. Labor force: 8.777 million; industry 11.9%, agriculture 25.9%, services 62.2% (2010 est.). Industries: oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials. Natural resources: major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium. Exports: $88.89 billion (2011 est.): oil and oil products 59%, ferrous metals 19%, chemicals 5%, machinery 3%, grain, wool, meat, coal. Imports: $42.13 billion (2011 est.): machinery and equipment 41%, metal products 28%, foodstuffs 8% (2011). Major trading partners: Russia, China, Germany, Ukraine, France, Canada, Italy, Romania (2011 ).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 4.011 million (2010); mobile cellular: 19.768 million (2010). Broadcast media:state owns nearly all radio and TV transmission facilities and operates national TV and radio networks; nearly all nationwide TV networks are wholly or partly owned by the government; some former state-owned media outlets have been privatized and are controlled by the president's daughter, who heads the Khabar Agency that runs multiple TV and radio stations; a number of privately-owned TV stations; households with satellite dishes have access to foreign media; a small number of commercial radio stations operating along with state-run radio stations (2008). Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 65,988 (2010). Internet users: 5.299 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 15,079 km (2010). Roadways: total: 93,612 km ; paved: 84,100 km; unpaved: 9,512 km (2008). Waterways: 4,000 km (on the Ertis (Irtysh) River (80%) and Syr Darya (Syrdariya) River) (2010). Ports and terminals:Aqtau (Shevchenko), Atyrau (Gur'yev), Oskemen (Ust-Kamenogorsk), Pavlodar, Semey (Semipalatinsk). Airports: 97 (2012).

International disputes: Kyrgyzstan has yet to ratify the 2001 boundary delimitation with Kazakhstan; field demarcation of the boundaries with Turkmenistan commenced in 2005, and with Uzbekistan in 2004; ongoing demarcation with Russia began in 2007; demarcation with China was completed in 2002; creation of a seabed boundary with Turkmenistan in the Caspian Sea remains under discussion; Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia ratified Caspian seabed delimitation treaties based on equidistance, while Iran continues to insist on a one-fifth slice of the sea.

Major sources and definitions

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