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Japan

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Index
  1. Japan Main Page
  2. Japan Expands Its Empire
  3. Japan Tests Its Military Might
  4. Economic Recovery Is Followed by Deep Recession
  5. Succession of Prime Ministers Meet Only Fleeting Popularity
  6. Scandals Taint Leadership
  7. Liberal Democratic Party Ousted from Power
  8. Tsunami Devastates Japan
  9. Sixth Prime Minister Named in Five Years
  10. Study Finds Nuclear Reactor Damaged by Tsunami, Not Earthquake
  11. U.S. Imposes Sanctions on Japanese Organized-Crime Syndicate
  12. Japan One Year after the Tsunami, Earthquake, and Nuclear Disaster
  13. Japanese Still Divided Over Nuclear Issue
  14. Tension Increases with Asian Neighbors Over Islands
  15. Noda Wins Party Leadership Vote, but Faces Strong Opposition
  16. Shinzo Abe Becomes Prime Minister Again in Late 2012
  17. Ongoing Fukushima Leak Declared an Emergency
  18. Japan Lifts Decades Old Arms Ban
Japan Expands Its Empire

Japan quickly made the transition from a medieval to a modern power. An imperial army was established with conscription, and parliamentary government was formed in 1889. The Japanese began to take steps to extend their empire. After a brief war with China in 1894–1895, Japan acquired Formosa (Taiwan), the Pescadores Islands, and part of southern Manchuria. China also recognized the independence of Korea (Chosen), which Japan later annexed (1910).

In 1904–1905, Japan defeated Russia in the Russo-Japanese War, gaining the territory of southern Sakhalin (Karafuto) and Russia's port and rail rights in Manchuria. In World War I, Japan seized Germany's Pacific islands and leased areas in China. The Treaty of Versailles then awarded Japan a mandate over the islands.

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