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Ireland

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Index
  1. Ireland Main Page
  2. Partition of Ireland Sets Off Civil War
  3. Ireland's First Woman President Heralds Social Change
  4. Northern Ireland Commits to Peace with Good Friday Agreement
  5. Ireland Becomes Economic Powerhouse
  6. Global Financial Crisis Hits Ireland
Ireland's First Woman President Heralds Social Change

Under the First Programme for Economic Expansion (1958–1963), economic protection was dismantled and foreign investment encouraged. This prosperity brought profound social and cultural changes to what had been one of the poorest and least technologically advanced countries in Europe. Ireland joined the European Economic Community (now the EU) in 1973. In the 1990 presidential election, Mary Robinson was elected the republic's first woman president. The election of a candidate with socialist and feminist sympathies was regarded as a watershed in Irish political life, reflecting the changes taking place in Irish society. Irish voters approved the Maastricht Treaty, which paved the way for the establishment of the EU, by a large majority in a referendum held in 1992. In 1993, the Irish and British governments signed a joint peace initiative (the Downing Street Declaration), which affirmed Northern Ireland's right to self-determination. A referendum on allowing divorce under certain conditions—hitherto constitutionally forbidden—was narrowly passed in Nov. 1995.

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