India and Pakistan Test Nuclear Weapons
In May 1998, India set off five nuclear tests,
surprising the international community, which widely condemned India's
pronuclear stance. Despite international urging for restraint, Pakistan
responded by conducting several nuclear tests of its own two weeks later.
India has resisted signing the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty for nuclear
weapons and has been slapped with sanctions by the U.S. and other
countries. Less than a year later, in April 1999, both India and Pakistan
tested nuclear-capable ballistic missiles.