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  1. Guyana Main Page
  2. Guyana Gains Independence
  3. Racial Disputes, Border Disputes Hinder Progress
  4. Ramotar Elected President, but His Party Fails to Win Majority
  5. Opposition Wins by Narrow Margin in 2015 Elections

More Facts & Figures

Current government officials

Languages: English (official), Amerindian dialects, Creole, Caribbean Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Urdu

Ethnicity/race: East Indian 43.5%, black (African) 30.2%, mixed 16.7%, Amerindian 9.1%, other 0.5% (2002 census)

Religions: Protestant 30.5% (Pentecostal 16.9%, Anglican 6.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5%, Methodist 1.7%), Hindu 28.4%, Roman Catholic 8.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, Muslim 7.2%, other Christian 17.7%, other 4.3%, none 4.3% (2002 census)

National Holiday: Republic Day, February 23

Literacy rate: 91.8% (2002 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $6.593 billion; per capita $8,500. Real growth rate: 5.3%. Inflation: 3.9%. Unemployment: 11% (2007). Arable land: 1.95%. Labor force: 313,100 (2009 est.); agriculture n.a., industry n.a., services n.a. Agriculture: sugarcane, rice, wheat, vegetable oils; beef, pork, poultry, dairy products; fish, shrimp. Industries: bauxite, sugar, rice milling, timber, textiles, gold mining. Natural resources: bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish. Exports: $1.337 billion (2013 est.): sugar, gold, bauxite/alumina, rice, shrimp, molasses, rum, timber. Imports: $2.039 billion (2013 est.): manufactures, machinery, petroleum, food. Major trading partners: Canada, U.S., UK, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Cuba, China, Suriname (2012).

Member of Commonwealth of Nations

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 154,200 (2012); mobile cellular: 547,000 (2012). Broadcast media: government-dominated broadcast media; the National Communications Network (NCN) TV is state-owned; a few private TV stations relay satellite services; the state owns and operates 2 radio stations broadcasting on multiple frequencies capable of reaching the entire country; government limits on licensing of new private radio stations continue to constrain competition in broadcast media (2007). Internet hosts: 24,936 (2012). Internet users: 189,600 (2009).

Transportation: Highways: total: 7,970 km; paved: 590 km; unpaved: 7,380 km (2000 est.). Waterways: 330 km (the Berbice, Demerara, and Essequibo rivers are navigable by oceangoing vessels for 150 km, 100 km, and 80 km respectively) (2012) . Ports and terminals: Georgetown. Airports: 117 (2013).

International disputes: all of the area west of the Essequibo River is claimed by Venezuela preventing any discussion of a maritime boundary; Guyana has expressed its intention to join Barbados in asserting claims before UNCLOS that Trinidad and Tobago's maritime boundary with Venezuela extends into their waters; Suriname claims a triangle of land between the New and Kutari/Koetari rivers in a historic dispute over the headwaters of the Courantyne; Guyana seeks arbitration under provisions of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) to resolve the long-standing dispute with Suriname over the axis of the territorial sea boundary in potentially oil-rich waters.

Major sources and definitions

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