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Facts & Figures

Status: Overseas Department

Prefect: Jean-Jacques Brot (2006)

Land area: 659 sq mi (1,706 sq km); total area: 687 sq mi (1,780 sq km)

Population (2006 est.): 452,776 (growth rate: 0.9%); birth rate: 15.1/1000; infant mortality rate: 8.4/1000; life expectancy: 78.1; density per sq mi: 666

Capital (2003 est.): Basse-Terre, 12,900

Largest city: Abymes, 65,700

Monetary unit: Franc

More Facts & Figures

Major sources and definitions

Guadeloupe, in the West Indies about 300 mi (483 km) southeast of Puerto Rico, was explored by Columbus in 1493. It consists of the twin islands of Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre and five dependencies—Marie-Galante, Les Saintes, La Désirade, St. Barthélemy, and the northern three-fifths of St. Martin. The volcano Soufrière (4,813 ft; 1,467 m), also called La Grande Soufrière, is the highest point on Guadeloupe.

French colonization began in 1635, and in 1674 Guadeloupe became part of the domain of France. In 1946, it became an overseas department of France.

See also Encyclopedia: Guadeloupe .

French Guiana (including Inini)French Overseas DepartmentsMartinique

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