More Facts & Figures
Languages: Greenlandic (East Inuit), Danish, English
Ethnicity/race: Inuit 89%, Danish and other 11% (2009)
Religion: Evangelical Lutheran, traditional Inuit spiritual beliefs
National Holiday: Longest Day, June 21
Literacy rate: 100%
Economic summary: GDP/PPP: (2011 est.): $2.133 billion; $37,400 per capita. Real growth rate: 3%. Inflation: 2.8% (2011 est.). Unemployment: 4.2% (2010 est.). Arable land: 0%. Agriculture: forage crops, garden and greenhouse vegetables; sheep, reindeer; fish . Labor force: 33,670 (2010 est.). Industries: fish processing (mainly shrimp and Greenland halibut); gold, niobium, tantalite, uranium, iron and diamond mining; handicrafts, hides and skins, small shipyards. Natural resources: zinc, lead, iron ore, coal, molybdenum, gold, platinum, uranium, fish, seals, whales, hydropower, possible oil and gas. Exports: $381 million (2010 est.): fish and fish products 94% (prawns 63%). Imports: $806 million (2010): machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, food, petroleum products. Major trading partners: Denmark, Japan, China, Sweden, U.K (2009).
Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 21,800 (2009); mobile cellular: 57,300 (2009). Broadcast media: the Greenland Broadcasting Company provides public radio and TV services throughout the island with a broadcast station and a series of repeaters; a few private local TV and radio stations; Danish public radio rebroadcasts are available (2007). Internet hosts: 15,639 Internet users: 36,000 (2009).
Transportation: Roadways: although there are short roads in towns, there are no roads between towns; inter-urban transport takes place either by sea or air (2005). Ports and harbors: Sisimiut Airports: 15 (2012).
International disputes: managed dispute between Canada and Denmark over Hans Island in the Kennedy Channel between Canada's Ellesmere Island and Greenland; Denmark (Greenland) and Norway have made submissions to the Commission on the Limits of the Continental shelf (CLCS) and Russia is collecting additional data to augment its 2001 CLCS submission.