Flag of Germany
  1. Germany Main Page
  2. The Rise of Bismarck and the Birth of the Second German Reich
  3. Adolf Hitler and WWII
  4. Post-War Germany Is Disarmed, Demilitarized, and Divided
  5. Federal Republic of Germany
  6. Democratic Republic of Germany
  7. Berlin Wall Falls, Germany Reunifies
  8. Centrist Gerhard Schroder Elected Chancellor
  9. Germany's Unemployment Rate Reaches 12%
  10. Germany Takes Major Role in Managing Euro Debt Crisis
  11. New Island Emerges Off the Coast
  12. Merkel Elected to a Third Term; Spying Scandals Sour Relationship with U.S.

More Facts & Figures

National name: Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Current government officials

Language: German

Ethnicity/race: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, Italian 0.7%, Greek 0.4%, Polish 0.4%, other 4.6%

Religions: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Islam 4%, Unaffiliated or other 28%

National Holiday: Unity Day, October 3

Literacy rate: 99% (2003 est.)

Economic summary GDP/PPP (2013 est.): $3.227 trillion; per capita $39,500. Real growth rate: 0.5%. Inflation: 1.6%. Unemployment: 6%. Arable land: 33.25%. Agriculture: potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages; cattle, pigs, poultry. Labor force: 44.2 million; industry 24.6%, agriculture 1.6%, services 73.8% (2011). Industries: among the world's largest and most technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages, shipbuilding, textiles. Natural resources: iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, uranium, copper, natural gas, salt, nickel, arable land. Exports: $1.493 trillion (2013 est.): machinery, vehicles, chemicals, metals and manufactures, foodstuffs, textiles. Imports: $1.233 trillion (2013 est.): machinery, vehicles, chemicals, foodstuffs, textiles, metals. Major trading partners: France, U.S., UK, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, Austria, Spain, China, Switzerland, Poland (2013).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 50.7 million (2012); mobile cellular: 107.7 million (2012). Broadcast media: a mixture of publicly-operated and privately-owned TV and radio stations; national and regional public broadcasters compete with nearly 400 privately-owned national and regional TV stations; more than 90% of households have cable or satellite TV; hundreds of radio stations including multiple national radio networks, regional radio networks, and a large number of local radio stations (2008) Internet hosts: 20.043 million (2012). Internet users: 65.125 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 41,981 km (2012). Highways: total: 644,480 km (2012). Waterways: 7,467 km (2012); note: Rhine River carries most goods; Main-Danube Canal links North Sea and Black Sea. Ports and harbors: Bremen, Bremerhaven, Brunsbuttel, Duisburg, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Karlsruhe, Mainz, Rostock, Wilhemshaven. Airports: 539 (2013).

International disputes: none.

Major sources and definitions

Rulers of Germany and Prussia

The Berlin Wall (1961–1990)

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