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  1. Georgia Main Page
  2. Georgia Gains Independence from USSR
  3. U.S. Supports Georgia
  4. Georgia and Russia Are Antagonists in Fight Over Breakaway South Ossetia and Abkhazia
  5. Georgia and Russia Reach Trade Agreement
  6. Georgia's President and Prime Minister Engage in Prolonged Power Struggle
  7. Georgia Holds Presidential Elections in October 2013
  8. Unrest in Abkhazia as Parliament Calls for Early Elections

More Facts & Figures

National name: Sak'art'velo

Current government officials

Languages: Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia)

Ethnicity/race: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002)

Religions: Orthodox 84%, Islam 10%, Armenian-Gregorian 4%, Catholic 1% (2002)

Literacy rate: 100% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $24.51 billion; per capita $5,400. Real growth rate: –6.8%. Inflation: 2.0%. Unemployment: 16.3% (2011 est.). Arable land: 11%. Agriculture: citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock. Labor force: 1.945 million (2011 est.); industry 20%, agriculture 40%, services 40% (1999 est.). Industries: steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine. Natural resources: forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth. Exports: $2.189 billion (2011 est.): scrap metal, machinery, chemicals; fuel reexports; citrus fruits, tea, wine. Imports: $7.058 billion (2011 est.): fuels, machinery and parts, transport equipment, grain and other foods, pharmaceuticals. Major trading partners: Turkey, Turkmenistan, Bulgaria, Russia, Armenia, UK, Azerbaijan, Germany, Ukraine, Canada, U.S. (2006).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 597,000 (2011); mobile cellular: 3.193 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 7, FM 12, shortwave 4 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 12 (plus repeaters) (1998). Internet hosts: 358,109 (2011). Internet users: 1.3 million (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 1,612 km (2011). Highways: total: 20,329 km; (2011). Ports and harbors: Bat'umi, P'ot'i. Airports: 22 (2011).

International disputes: Russia and Georgia agree on delimiting 80% of their common border, leaving certain small, strategic segments and the maritime boundary unresolved; OSCE observers monitor volatile areas such as the Pankisi Gorge in the Akhmeti region and the Argun Gorge in Abkhazia; UN Observer Mission in Georgia has maintained a peacekeeping force in Georgia since 1993; Meshkheti Turks scattered throughout the former Soviet Union seek to return to Georgia; boundary with Armenia remains undemarcated; ethnic Armenian groups in Javakheti region of Georgia seek greater autonomy from the Georgian government; Azerbaijan and Georgia cannot resolve the alignment of their boundary at certain crossing areas.

Major sources and definitions

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