1. Georgia Main Page
  2. Georgia Gains Independence from USSR
  3. U.S. Supports Georgia
  4. Georgia and Russia Are Antagonists in Fight Over Breakaway South Ossetia and Abkhazia
  5. Georgia and Russia Reach Trade Agreement
  6. Georgia's President and Prime Minister Engage in Prolonged Power Struggle
  7. Georgia Holds Presidential Elections in October 2013
  8. Unrest in Abkhazia as Parliament Calls for Early Elections

More Facts & Figures

National name: Sak'art'velo

Current government officials

Languages: Georgian 71% (official), Russian 9%, Armenian 7%, Azerbaijani 6%, other 7% (Abkhaz is the official language in Abkhazia)

Ethnicity/race: Georgian 83.8%, Azeri 6.5%, Armenian 5.7%, Russian 1.5%, other 2.5% (2002)

Religions: Orthodox Christian (official) 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census)

Literacy rate: 99.7% (2012 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2014 est.): $34.27 billion; per capita $7,700. Real growth rate: 5%. Inflation: 3.3%. Unemployment: 14.9% (2011 est.). Arable land: 5.76%. Agriculture: citrus, grapes, tea, hazelnuts, vegetables; livestock. Labor force: 1.959 million (2011 est.); industry 8.9%, agriculture 55.6%, services 35.5% (2006 est.). Industries: steel, aircraft, machine tools, electrical appliances, mining (manganese and copper), chemicals, wood products, wine. Natural resources: forests, hydropower, manganese deposits, iron ore, copper, minor coal and oil deposits; coastal climate and soils allow for important tea and citrus growth. Exports: $4.493 billion (2014 est.): scrap metal, machinery, chemicals; fuel reexports; citrus fruits, tea, wine. Imports: $8.328 billion (2014 est.): fuels, machinery and parts, transport equipment, grain and other foods, pharmaceuticals. Major trading partners: Turkey, Bulgaria, Russia, Armenia, UK, Azerbaijan, Germany, Japan, Ukraine, China, U.S. (2013).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.276 million (2012); mobile cellular: 4.699 million (2012). Broadcast media: 1 public broadcaster in Tbilisi, 1 state-owned broadcaster in Ajaria Autonomous Republic; 8 privately owned TV stations; state run public broadcaster operates 2 TV stations; dozens of cable TV operators, several major commercial TV stations, and several dozen private radio stations; state run public broadcaster operates 2 radio stations (2012). Internet hosts: 357,864 (2012). Internet users: 1.3 million (2009).

Transportation: Railways: total: 1,612 km (2008). Roadways: total: 19,109 km (2010). Ports and harbors: Bat'umi, P'ot'i. Airports: 22 (2013).

International disputes: Russia's military support and subsequent recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia independence in 2008 continue to sour relations with Georgia.

Major sources and definitions

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