| Share
 

Congo, Democratic Republic of the

Previous
Flag of Democratic Republic of Congo
Index
  1. Congo, Democratic Republic of the Main Page
  2. Newly Independent Congo Plunges into Civil War
  3. Power-Hungry Mobutu Gains Control, Wreaks Havoc
  4. Laurent Kabila Topples Mobutu
  5. Son of Assassinated Leader Kabila Oversees End of Congo's Civil War
  6. Government and Rebels Led by Laurent Nkunda Declare a Cease-fire
  7. Kabila Reelected in Vote Marred by Violence
  8. Lubanga Case Establishes Child Soldiers as an International Crime
  9. Former Rebels Resume Battle With the Government

More Facts & Figures

National Name: Republique Democratique du Congo

Current government officials

Languages: French (official), Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba

Ethnicity/race: With over 200 African ethnic groups, the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes—Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic)—make up about 45% of the population

National Holiday: Independence Day, June 30

Religions: Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Islam 10%; other syncretic and indigenous 10%

Literacy rate: 67.2% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $25,19 billion; per capita $300. Real growth rate: 6.5%. Inflation: 16.7% (2011 est.). Unemployment: n.a. Arable land: 3%. Agriculture: coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products. Labor force: 34.79 million (2011) Industries: mining (diamonds, copper, zinc), mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, commercial ship repair. Natural resources: cobalt, copper, cadmium, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, germanium, uranium, radium, bauxite, iron ore, coal, hydropower, timber. Exports: $10.93 billion (2011 est.): diamonds, copper, crude oil, coffee, cobalt. Imports: $9.021 billion (2011 est.): foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels. Major trading partners: Belgium, Finland, U.S., China, South Africa, France, Zambia, Kenya, Germany (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 42,000 (2011); mobile cellular: 11.355 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 11, shortwave 2 (2001). Television broadcast stations: 4 (2001). Internet hosts: 2,514 (2011). Internet users: 290,000 (2011).

Transportation: Railways: total: 4,007 km (2011). Highways: total: 153,497 km; paved: 2,794 km; unpaved: 150,703 km (2011). Waterways: 15,000 km (navigation on the Congo curtailed by fighting) (2004). Ports and harbors: Banana, Boma, Bukavu, Bumba, Goma, Kalemie, Kindu, Kinshasa, Kisangani, Matadi, Mbandaka. Airports: 198 (2011 est.).

International disputes: heads of the Great Lakes states and UN pledge to end conflict but unchecked tribal, rebel, and militia fighting continues unabated in the northeastern region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, drawing in the neighboring states of Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda; the UN Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) has maintained over 14,000 peacekeepers in the region since 1999; thousands of Ituri refugees from the Congo continue to flee the fighting primarily into Uganda; 90,000 Angolan refugees were repatriated by 2004 with the remainder in the Democratic Republic of the Congo expected to return in 2005; in 2005, DROC and Rwanda established a border verification mechanism to address accusations of Rwandan military supporting Congolese rebels and the DROC providing rebel Rwandan “Interhamwe” forces the means and bases to attack Rwandan forces; the location of the boundary in the broad Congo River with the Republic of the Congo is indefinite except in the Pool Malebo/Stanley Pool area.

Major sources and definitions

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Comoros Countries Congo, Republic of

24 X 7

Private Tutor

Click Here for Details
24 x 7 Tutor Availability
Unlimited Online Tutoring
1-on-1 Tutoring