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Cuba

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Flag of Cuba
Index
  1. Cuba Main Page
  2. Revolution Leader Fidel Castro Breaks Ties with U.S. and Allies Himself with the Soviet Union
  3. Bay of Pigs Disaster
  4. Soviet-Missile Crisis
  5. In Poor Health Castro Announces His Retirement
  6. Cubans Begin to Win Small Freedoms
  7. Cuba Takes Possible Steps Toward a New Leader Not Named Castro
  8. Pope Makes Long-Awaited Visit
  9. Exit Visa Requirement Is Dropped

More Facts & Figures

National name: República de Cuba

Current government officials

Language: Spanish

Ethnicity/race: mulatto 51%, white 37%, black 11%, Chinese 1%

National Holiday: Triumph of the Revolution, December 10

Religions: predominantly Roman Catholic and Santería (Afro-Cuban syncretic religion)

Literacy rate: 99.8% (2011 est.)

Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2011 est.): $114.1 billion; per capita $9,900 . Real growth rate: 1.5%. Inflation: 4.7%. Unemployment: 1.4%. Arable land: 33%. Agriculture: sugar, tobacco, citrus, coffee, rice, potatoes, beans; livestock. Labor force: 5.153 million; note: state sector 78%, non-state sector 22% (2006 est.); agriculture 20%, industry 19.4%, services 60.6% (2006). Industries: sugar, petroleum, tobacco, construction, nickel, steel, cement, agricultural machinery, pharmaceuticals. Natural resources: cobalt, nickel, iron ore, copper, manganese, salt, timber, silica, petroleum, arable land. Exports: $4.679 billion (2011 est.): sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffee. Imports: $12.97 billion (2011 est.): petroleum, food, machinery and equipment, chemicals. Major trading partners: Netherlands, Canada, China, Russia, Spain, Venezuela, U.S., Italy, Mexico (2004).

Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 1.164 million (2005); mobile cellular: 1.003 million (2011). Radio broadcast stations: AM 169, FM 55, shortwave 1 (1998). Television broadcast stations: 58 (1997). . Internet hosts: 3,196 (2011). Internet users: 1.606 million note: private citizens are prohibited from buying computers or accessing the Internet without special authorization; foreigners may access the Internet in large hotels but are subject to firewalls; some Cubans buy illegal passwords on the black market or take advantage of public outlets to access limited email and the government-controlled "intranet" (2005).

Transportation: Railways: total: 8,598 km; in addition, 7,742 km of track is in private use by sugar plantations (2011). Highways: total: 60,858 km; paved: 29,820 km (including 638 km of expressway); unpaved: 31,038 km (2011 est.). Waterways: 240 km (2004). Ports and harbors: Cienfuegos, Cienfuegos, Havana, Matanza. Airports: 136 (2011 est.).

International disputes: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased to US and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the area can terminate the lease.

Major sources and definitions

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