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Comoros

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Facts & Figures

President: Ikililou Dhoinine (2011)

Total area: 838 sq mi (2,170 sq km)

Population (2012 est.): 737,284 (growth rate: 2.06%); birth rate: 31.49/1000; infant mortality rate: 68.97/1000; life expectancy: 62.74; density per sq km: 337

Capital and largest city (2009 est.): Moroni (on Grande Comoro), 49,000

Monetary unit: Franc

More Facts & Figures

Flag of Comoros
Index
  1. Comoros Main Page
  2. Two Comoros Islands Attempt Secesion
  3. Newly Independent Islands Elect a Federal President

Geography

The Comoros Islands—Grande Comoro (Ngazidja), Anjouan, Mohéli, and Mayotte (which is not part of the country and retains ties to France)—constitute an archipelago of volcanic origin in the Indian Ocean, 190 mi off the coast of Mozambique.

Government

Emerging republic.

History

Comoros was frequented by travelers from Africa, Madagascar, Indonesia, and Arabia before the first Europeans encountered the islands. Arabic influence has been the strongest.

France colonized Mayotte in 1843 and by 1904 had annexed the remainder of the archipelago. In a 1974 referendum, 95% of the population voted for independence. The exception was Mayotte, which, with its Christian majority, voted against joining the other mainly Islamic islands in independence. Today it remains a French overseas territory.

The remaining Comoros Islands declared themselves independent on July 6, 1975, with Ahmed Abdallah as president. A month after independence, he was overthrown by Justice Minister Ali Soilih. This was only the beginning of Comoros's chronic instability: the country has gone through more than 20 coups since independence and has experienced several attempts at secession. Orchestrating at least four of these coups was a group of white mercenaries known as Les Affreux (The Terrible Ones), and their notorious leader, Frenchman “Colonel” Bob Denard. Denard fled Comoros in 1989, when 3,000 French soldiers were sent after him.

Next: Two Comoros Islands Attempt Secesion
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